Friday, May 27, 2011

The Duo thats Draining Fiji's Economy Should Just Clamp up & Give Fiji Back to The People!!



Fiji:



21)Fiji leader takes umbrage with PM Key


By Online Editor-11:13 am GMT+12, 26/05/2011, Fiji


Fiji’s military Commander Commodore Frank Bainimarama has told Prime Minister John Key to butt out of Fijian affairs.


His comment followed Key saying earlier this week that New Zealand would consider allowing runaway Fiji Lieutenant Colonel Tevita Mara entry into New Zealand.


Mara fled to Tonga, where he remains, ahead of charges that he was plotting the overthrow of Bainimarama who came to power in a democracy ending coup in 2006.


“It would be a matter of concern for everyone if John Key allowed him into New Zealand,” Bainimarama told Auckland’s Indian radio station Tarana.


He said such a decision would mean Key was reneging on his earlier intention to review the relationship between Wellington and Suva.


“Obviously he is not very serious about that, he is obviously trying to put a wedge between Tonga and Fiji's relationship.” Bainimarama said a Key decision to let Mara in would be “most unfortunate.”


“One might want to ask if New Zealand wants to give political asylum to anybody who does wrong, not only in Fiji but also in other countries or is he just targeting Fiji.


“John Key has been harping about democracy in Fiji,” he told Tarana.


“If this is what democracy means to be a refuge to wrong doers this is obviously not the direction or path Fiji wants to take. “He is trying to make life difficult for us in Fiji but he is not going to succeed.”


Bainimarama said his advise to Key was “stay out of our business, it is between Fiji and Tonga.” -SOURCE: STUFF NZ/PACNEWS



22)FIJI LEADER URGES NEW ZEALAND NOT TO ACCEPT MARA


Political asylum would further strain relations


WELLINGTON, New Zealand (RNZI, May 25, 2011) -



Fiji’s interim prime minister, Commodore Frank Bainimarama, says if New Zealand offers asylum to Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara, it will further strain relations between the two nations.The New Zealand Prime Minister, John Key, says since Ratu Tevita is no longer a supporter of the regime he may be allowed into the country, though no approach has been made.Commodore Bainimarama has told local media it’s sad to see the New Zealand government wants to further strain relations.[PIR editor’s note: Fiji Village reports Bainimarama is also questioning the New Zealand government’s continued block of a number of sports players from entering the country to take part in tournaments.]


Radio New Zealand International: http://www.rnzi.com/



POLYNESIA:


23)Tonga says no need to activate the Biketawa declaration over Fiji spatTonga’s acting attorney general says there is no need for the Biketawa declaration to be invoked to deal with the current diplomatic spat between his country and Fiji.Fiji’s Citizens’ Constitutional Forum is calling for the Pacific Islands Forum to consider initiating the declaration before the situation over a former Fiji soldier who sought refuge in Tonga escalates.



The Biketawa Declaration was agreed by Pacific Islands Forum countries in 2000, and outlines courses of action for a regional response to crises.Samiu Vaipulu says there is no need for it.“I think this can be dealt with. There’s no need for interference from outside at the moment. We can settle our issues with Fiji not involving the forum.”



Tonga’s acting attorney general, Samiu Vaipulu- 26/5/11 Radio New Zealand International



24)Tonga receives Mara extradition request from Fiji, but says it will take time to sort through


Posted at 03:39 on 26 May, 2011 UTC



Tonga’s acting attorney general says there is no rush to examine the extradition application for a former Fiji soldier which his office received today.Fiji is seeking the extradition of Lieutanant Colonel Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara, who fled to Fiji while facing sedition charges, saying he feared he would not get a fair trial.Samiu Vaipulu says the application is a large box, which will take some time to sort through.“It will have to go through due process, through the court system, through what our extradition act provides. That’s what we will follow. This is an issue that will need time to look at things properly. We don’t have to rush.”Samiu Vaipulu says he is working with the solicitor general’s office over the application.radio new zealand.



25)TONGA, FIJI ROW EXTENDS TO DISPUTED REEFS



Tonga accuses Fiji of vandalizing navigation beacon


WELLINGTON,


New Zealand (RNZI, May 25, 2011) -



The Tonga government says there’s strong evidence that the Fiji military vandalized a navigation beacon on the Minerva Reefs earlier this year.Tonga and Fiji have been at loggerheads over the ownership of the Reefs for years.In a statement, Tonga’s chief secretary, Busby Kautoke, says the matter has become woven into what he calls the humanitarian rescue earlier this month of a former Fiji military officer.Lieutenant Colonel Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara has since found sanctuary in Nuku’alofa, evading prosecution in Fiji for sedition.



Mr. Kautoke says much has been made of the question of sovereignty in an incident which is wholly concerned with a rescue at sea and a purely humanitarian act.He says disputes in international law are never simple, but require diligence and clarity.He added that the overall question of sovereignty should therefore address the violation of Tongan sovereignty on the Minerva Reefs, early this year.



Radio New Zealand International: http://www.rnzi.com/



26)Tonga accuses Fiji military of damaging safety beacon

Tonga has accused Fiji's military of deliberately vandalising a navigation and safety beacon on the disputed Minerva Reef.It is the latest accusation in a period of tense relations between the neighbours, after a Tongan Patrol boat was involved in the escape of a senior Fiji military officer facing sedition charges.Lieutenant Colonel Ratu Tevita Mara is currently in Tonga under the protection of the royal family.



A Tongan Government statement says there is strong evidence to suggest that the Fiji military caused the damage to the safety beacon.Meanwhile, Fiji's interim Prime Minister, Frank Bainimarama, says democratic elections will be held in 2014 as he has promised.



Commodore Bainimarama has also dismissed a claim by Lt Col Mara that he is merely a puppet of the interim Attorney General, Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum.

Excerpts of report from

Monsieur P's desk

Voice of Melanesia.

Tuesday, May 24, 2011

"Smol Melanesian Nius" : Updates & Happenings in Melanesians







Bonjour! Hope your weekend was good! Mine was busy & Fun! Music all the way !


Have a good week! Cheers-Phil.



MELANESIAN NIUS:Amplett Islands, PNG/ Bismarck Archipelago, PNG/d'Entrecasteaux


Islands, PNG/d'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea /Fiji /Louisiade Archipelago, PNG/Maluku Islands,Sumba,Timor Indonesia/New Caledonia /New Guinea, politically divided between independent Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua + 600+ Islands Off the coast of New Guinea,Autonomous Bouganville /Raja Ampat Islands, Indonesia /Schouten Islands, Indonesia /Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands/ Solomon Islands, politically divided between Papua New Guinea and independent Solomon Islands /Torres Strait Islands, politically divided between Australia and Papua New Guinea /Trobriand Islands, Papua New Guinea /Vanuatu /Woodlark Island, Papua New Guinea / The Australian South Sea islanders (Ancestors of Melanesians living in Australia since the 1800's in Queensland and Northern NSW+) (Over 1,500+ Indigenous Melanesian languages in Western Pacific)



Papua NiuGini:


1)Academic opposes change


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


MOVES to change the Higher Education Act are simply a way to have greater control over universities, Papua New Guinea University of Natural Resources and Environment vice-chancellor Phillip Siaguru says.
The Office of Higher Education ran advertisements announcing its intention to change the law but speaking during the launching of the PNG-Australia Alumni Association (PNG AAA) Ko­kopo chapter at the university last week, Siaguru said universities would lose their autonomy if the office had greater in­-fluence over them.
"The excuse they are using is that whenever there is a demonstration or student protest, the government is helpless and the universities cannot handle their domestic affairs, I tell you that is an excuse," he said
"Every year I receive calls from politicians, departmental heads because their child did not get a placing at the University of Papua New Guinea or University of Technology.
"We are going to compromise it totally because politicians will call up vice-chancellors and say take my child or your job is gone."
It is understood that vice-chancellors from all universities took out an advertisement in last Friday's newspapers, challenging the Act.
He urged the alumni to use their network to block this proposed amendment.


2)Russian firm shows interest


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


ONE of the world's largest producers of aluminium, Russian-owned JSC Rusal, has shown interest in investing in Papua New Guinea, Russian ambassador to PNG Alexander Ivanov said.
He said the company was looking at aluminium production, bauxite extraction and electric energy.
JSC Rusal became the world leader in aluminium in 2007 following the merger of the assets of three companies.
In a full-page newspaper advertisement last week, Ivanov, who is also Russian ambassador to Indonesia based in Jakarta, highlighted that recently Russian state and private companies had been showing growing interest in developing business cooperation with PNG.
He said that despite being geographically isolated, PNG and Russia had a lot of potential to increase their bilateral cooperation on a wide range of interests, including oil and gas, mining, military and technical development, science, tourism and fisheries.
On the political front, Ivanov said both countries had traditionally taken a similar stance on principal global issues, particularly combating international terrorism.
"We are grateful to our partners for their support provided to Russia's initiatives in the UN and other international forums.
"In particular, we are successfully cooperating within the framework of Apec and Asean regional forum (ARF) on security."
Ivanov said that since Russia would be the chairman of Apec next year, it was looking forward to meeting PNG representatives in the various activities of this regional grouping in Vladivostok.
PNG and Russia, then the USSR, established diplomatic ties at independence and at its height, had an embassy in Port Moresby in 1990.
It and many other overseas missions closed two years later when the USSR was dismantled.


3)Ok Tedi women venture into business


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


WOMEN living in areas around the Ok Tedi mine are now investing in business opportunities for their long term benefit.
Some women, from lower Ok Tedi through their Nima Ara Women's Association, were presented two new buses to help transport workers at Ok Tedi's dredging project at Bige.
The 15-seater and 25-seater buses were handed over to lower Ok Tedi Investment Ltd earlier this month in a small but rather significant ceremony.
Nima Ara is a women's association within the community mine continuation agreement (CMCA) region.
LOTIC is a landowner company which has been engaged by OTML to provide logistical support to its Bige operation, which is one of OTML's operating bases.
Ok Tedi Fly River development programme (OTFRDP) executive manager for support services Ben Kamaya said this was the first such arrangement women from mine- impacted areas had embarked on.
He said OTFRDP was committed to supporting women and children in mine impacted communities by providing various income earning opportunities for them.
"I want to say thank you to LOTIC and OTML for giving women this opportunity.
"This is the first for all the eight associations within the CMCA got to be involved as far as business opportunities are concerned," he said.
"Ara is setting the pace by going into an arrangement like this and this demonstrates the confidence you have in LOTIC and to invest your resources into.
"I believe these two investments are good and will bring good returns to support women within the association," Kamaya said.


4)Fish feed to boost industry


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


FISH farmers in Papua New Guinea, especially those who specialise in trout and tilapia farming, are set to improve production with fish feed to be made available soon.
The National Fisheries Authority (NFA) in collaboration with Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and the Department of Agriculture and Livestock had researched and formulated a feed using local ingredients.
Trialling of this feed under farming conditions in the past five years had resulted in the semi-commercial production of fish feed.
In the past, feed, escapically for trout, was imported from overseas until recently.
With the increased number of fish farming activities happening around the country, the demand for a proper fish feed had increased.
NFA and its partners have been working to address the demand through the establishment of mini-feed mills and research and development to find a locally available, affordable and nutritious fish feed.
NFA displayed the innovative products during the National Agricultural Research Institute (NARI) show earlier this month in Lae to promote fisheries and marine resources activities.
During the show, NFA displayed several 25kg bags of fish feed which was eye-catching for the fish farmers.
The farmers were so keen to learn the techniques, the ingredients, equipment the processes involved.
NFA's aquaculture and inland fisheries division, responsible for fresh water aquaculture and inland fish farming, is taking the lead in this development, headed by pioneer aquaculturist Jacob Wani.
Currently, the number of fish farming activities both fresh water and marine areas have increased overwhelmingly as a result of NFA's support to the fish farmers through the project development fund.
The NARI show had given opportunities for NFA to participate and promote innovation in fisheries and also to carry out awareness regarding NFA project development funding (PDF) activities.
It also gave an opportunity for NFA to liaise with provincial fisheries division and the fisheries cooperatives, especially the fishermen and fish farmers to showcase their products at the show and meet the fish buyers to supply fisheries products.


5)PNG to co-host US, WB talks


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


PAPUA New Guinea and the United States in partnership with the World Bank will co-host talks in Port Moresby at the end of the month with leaders from the Pacific on ways to improve maternal health, increase economic opportunities and empower women.
The US-funded women's empowerment initiative in the Pacific region, which also has the backing of Australia and New Zealand, is coordinating the May 30-June 1 talks to find ways to combat gender-based violence in the Pacific.
The US ambassador-at-large for global women's issues Melanne Verveer, who will attend the talks, said gender-based violence was a global epidemic and new solutions needed to be considered.
She said improving conditions in the Pacific could help end violence, Radio Australia reported yesterday.
"Many of these practices are rooted in lack of economic opportunity, lack of status, lack of empowerment."
Verveer said the PNG talks would focus on "healthy women, healthy economies".
The talks will draw 30 women leaders and activists from 12 countries in the Pacific as well as 30 donor community representatives.
"Where women are healthy and economies are healthier, we are certainly going to see less violence against women," she said.
Verveer said the issues had to be addressed at the top level of government and at the grassroots level, Radio Australia reported.
She said laws against violence needed to be enforced and perpetrators punished.
"We also need to change mindsets at the grassroots level and we certainly need to see men and boys playing a greater role in addressing these issues. We need more work at a community level in changing ways that people look at these issues," Verveer said.
She announced the women's empowerment initiative in the region last year at the end of US secretary of state Hillary Clinton's Asia-Pacific tour.
The upcoming Port Moresby talks announcement comes days after human rights watchdog Amnesty International released its 2011 State of the World's Human Rights report, noting that in PNG, violence against women and sorcery-related killings continued to be widespread but the government had done little to address them.
It said police often raped or sexually abused women detainees, adding that violence against women continued to be widespread, perpetuated by women's low status in society and traditional practices such as polygamy and bride price.
"A culture of silence and impunity prevailed, and women remained fearful of reporting sexual and physical violence to the authorities."


6)PNG to co-host U.S, World Bank talks on maternal health


By Online Editor
2:45 pm GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Papua New Guinea



Papua New Guinea and the United States in partnership with the World Bank will co-host talks in Port Moresby at the end of the month with leaders from the Pacific on ways to improve maternal health, increase economic opportunities and empower women.

The US-funded women's empowerment initiative in the Pacific region, which also has the backing of Australia and New Zealand, is coordinating the May 30-June 1 talks to find ways to combat gender-based violence in the Pacific.

The US ambassador-at-large for global women's issues Melanne Verveer, who will attend the talks, said gender-based violence was a global epidemic and new solutions needed to be considered.

She said improving conditions in the Pacific could help end violence, Radio Australia reported yesterday.

"Many of these practices are rooted in lack of economic opportunity, lack of status, lack of empowerment."

Verveer said the PNG talks would focus on "healthy women, healthy economies".

The talks will draw 30 women leaders and activists from 12 countries in the Pacific as well as 30 donor community representatives.

"Where women are healthy and economies are healthier, we are certainly going to see less violence against women," she said.
Verveer said the issues had to be addressed at the top level of government and at the grassroots level.

She said laws against violence needed to be enforced and perpetrators punished.

"We also need to change mindsets at the grassroots level and we certainly need to see men and boys playing a greater role in addressing these issues. We need more work at a community level in changing ways that people look at these issues," Verveer said.

She announced the women's empowerment initiative in the region last year at the end of US secretary of state Hillary Clinton's Asia-Pacific tour.

The upcoming Port Moresby talks announcement comes days after human rights watchdog Amnesty International released its 2011 State of the World's Human Rights report, noting that in PNG, violence against women and sorcery-related killings continued to be widespread but the government had done little to address them.

It said police often raped or sexually abused women detainees, adding that violence against women continued to be widespread, perpetuated by women's low status in society and traditional practices such as polygamy and bride price.

"A culture of silence and impunity prevailed, and women remained fearful of reporting sexual and physical violence to the authorities.".
SOURCE: THE NATIONAL/PACNEWS


7)Good managment of LNG revenue the key to PNG's future - ex-PM


Papua New Guinea's Former Prime Minister, Sir Rabbie Namaliu, says good management of the huge revenue from the Exxon Mobil-led PNG LNG project is vital if the people of Papua New Guinea are to benefit.

The PNG government is planning on setting up 3 soveriegn wealth funds to save some of the revenue for future generations.

Sir Rabbie says the funds could have an immediate positive economic impact, as well.
Presenter:Jemima Garrett
Speaker:Sir Rabbie Namailu, former Papua New Guinea Prime Minister


NAMALIU: Papua New Guinea is going through an unprecedented period of economic growth. Obviously that is being spurred by a number of significant projects namely the LNG project but obviously by projects in the mining sector as well as in the non-mining sector area. So we are going through a significant period of economic boom and one that is likely to be around for the next few years.
GARRETT: The government says that if it is managed well it could ultimately give Papua New guinea its economic independence - what is your assessment?
NAMALIU:I think so. That's the key. The key is management. How that is done by the government of the day is absolutely essential to ensuring that the country benefits. That the people of this country see some tangible benefits from this development, particularly in areas like health and education, infrastructure: all of those things require a significant degree of resources to make sure that we make up for lost time, basically.
GARRETT: How important are the proposed sovereign wealth funds for Papua New guinea's future?
NAMALIU: Extremely important because, I think, with increased inflows that will have a huge bearing on economic and especially monetary policy so that has got to be managed properly in ways that increased inflows of revenures coming in don't have significant adverse impact on things like interest rates, inflation and on a whole range of economic indicators. That is why setting up a sovereign wealth fund will help to cushion the impact of increased revenues coming in and I think the government is on the right track, not only to do that but to make sure that we avoid what is often referred to as the 'Dutch disease' which has been demonstrated in some countries where countries have gone through a similar period of growth and if you do not manage it well it could have enormous adverse economic consequences.
GARRETT: The government wants to make the sovereign wealth funds tamper-proof by enshrining them in an organic law. How would that work exactly?
NAMALIU:How it would work if it is to be an organic law is that it wouldn't be that easy to amend the law on the floor of parliament as opposed to an ordinary law which would require a simple majority of a quorum, for instance of 37 in our case. But if it is an organic law you would obviously have to ensure that you have at least an absolute majority, more likely to be more, usually around 72 or thereabouts, so you can't just fiddle with the law as you wish, as has been the case in some situations, and I think that is the appropriate approach, as well, because once you have created an instrument like that it is important that you protect it in ways that people won't lay their hands on it, simply to have access to the funds to do things, especially for things that were never intended to be funded out of that fund.
GARRETT: The government has to meet a tougher standard to create an organic law. With the election coming up how do you rate their chances of getting it through before the election takes place?
NAMALIU:I think it should get through. The government has got the numbers on its side and I think everyone is pretty much agreed it is essential to set it up so I think there is an expectation out there amongst the public that this law will be enacted before the election.23/5/11 abc



8)Snail pace of EPA negotiation force PNG to put Forum secretariat on notice: Maue


By Online Editor-00:24 am GMT+12, 21/05/2011, Tonga -By Pita Ligaiula in Vavau, Tonga


Papua New Guinea's concerns on the slow pace of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) negotiations in the Pacific, forced them to put the Forum Secretariat on notice, says foreign secretary Ambassador Michael Maue.


Maue said that's why PNG proposed that the EPA negotiation to be taken out from the mandate of the Forum Secretariat and handled by the Office of the Chief Trade Adviser (OCTA) based in Port Vila.


He said PNG wants the Pacific to negotiate together on EPA, but slow tactics by the Forum Secretariat has forced them to raise their concerns in writing.


"We were concerned with the slow pace of the negotiations so we wrote to the Secretariat to basically put on our concerns on the record. We backed up our letter with a proposal to see how we could as a region see progress on the negations, he told PACNEWS in Vavau.


Maue said the country paper expressed a number of serious concerns at what it claims the overall lack of significant progress in the EPA negotiation last year.


"The idea was basically to get the region to focus on the negotiation and see how best we can proceed. We have a signed and are in the process of ratification. It's in the interest of the region to move together but because of our particular interest in our fisheries export canned tuna we had to take the step that we did".


Maue said PNG's interest in the fisheries sector particularly in the global sourcing, trigged them to raise their concerns with the Forum to effectively see a progress on EPA negotiation.


"There is a particular concession that has been made and that is global sourcing of fisheries products which was never under the previous conventions. That is good for the region because of the benefits that fisheries products will get.


In response the Forum Secretary General, Tuiloma Neroni Slade, said concerns of Forum Island Countries will be debated at the next Pacific ACP meeting in Papua New Guinea in July.


"I think the concern of Papua New Guinea about the slowness of the pace of the EPA negotiations is a proposal that is yet to be fully debated, so that particular matter is to be dealt with in its detail by the relevant ministers of the region," Slade said.


The issue is expected to be discussed at the next PACP meeting in PNG in July.-SOURCE: PACNEWS


9)K16m X-ray facility in Lae


By Online Editor-8:52 pm GMT+12, 20/05/2011, Papua New Guinea


Papua New Guinea Customs will build a K16 million (US$6.66 million) state-of -the-art container x-ray and storage facility on a portion of land at the old Lae Airport.


The ground-breaking ceremony took place yesterday and was officiated by Morobe Governor Luther Wenge and PNG Customs Commissioner Gary Juffa.


Commissioner Juffa said the facility will cost K16 million to build and will open up and expand trade in Lae, Morobe province and into others parts of PNG, especially the Highlands.


Juffa thanked the Morobe Provincial Government and Administration for leasing the land to PNG Customs to build the facility.


The X-ray machine, to be bought from China, will be housed in a building that will require a one metre thick concrete wall. It will be capable of scanning a container under 10 minutes, according to PNG Customs.


Containers will be loaded on trucks that will drive into the facility and x-ray machines where they will be
mounted on steel frames. While the scanning is on, the driver will wait in the waiting room.


Images of the scan container will be transmitted into the Operations room where Customs officers will be monitoring from and if there are suspected breaches, the container will be moved to the 'Covet Area' where it will be checked physically.


Safety will be paramount in the operation of the facility and a strong fence around the perimeter of the facility was recommended.


If someone is mistakenly left behind in the x-ray room, he or she can pull on the ropes around the walls to shut down the machine and be taken out of the room to a safer area.


Juffa and his officers from the PNG Customs Headquarters in Port Moresby are in Lae to facilitate and sign the necessary papers to effect the project.


The meeting with Morobe Administration and Government was to fast-track the project into construction phase because of the huge numbers of containers that come through the Lae Port on daily basis.


The LNG project and the expansion of the Lae Wharf, under the Lae Tidal Basin project funded by the Asian Development Bank, is also taken into consideration for construction to begin as soon as possible.-SOURCE: POST COURIER/PACNEWS


10)SOMARE HEALTH RAISES PNG LEADERSHIP DOUBTS
Prime Minister still in Singapore hospital


MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, May 20, 2011) – There are growing concerns in Papua New Guinea the elderly Prime Minister might have to be replaced because of ongoing health problems.


Sir Michael Somare remains in a Singapore hospital after undergoing heart surgery a month ago.


PNG law two doctors must be appointed to examine the Prime Minister if he's sidelined by illness.


Prominent constitutional lawyer John Nongorr, says if Sir Michael can't resume his duties anytime soon the Governor-General must suspend him from office.


"There should not be a vacuum, there should not be an acting person performing those important functions during a prolonged period."


The government maintains Sir Michael is on extended medical leave and will resume office.Radio Australia: www.abc.net.au/ra


Autonomous Bouganville.


11)K3mil given for Bougainville roads


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


By STEPHANIEELIZAH
ACTING Prime Minister Sam Abal on Saturday presented K3 million worth of cheques to Bougainville Affairs Fidelis Semoso for the upgrading and sealing of roads in Bougainville.
One cheque of K2 million was for the Buka ring road and K1 million for the 20km Kokopau to Siera road. Both were presented at Kokopau in Selau constituency of North Bougainville,
This was in addition to K20 million presented in March by Finance and Treasury Minister Peter O'Neill for the Kokopau to Arawa main coastal trunk road which Abal had the honour of launching on Saturday.
Abal, who was heartened by the warm welcome accorded him by Bougainville, said the presentation demonstrated the national government's commitment to implement most of its project this year.
"Bougainville, we love you, the rest of PNG loves you, this is a token of the government's desire to make amends. Sorry for the past that has happened but there is that decision to move forward to a brighter future," he said.
Abal appealed to the people to stand together and take ownership of the impact projects underway for the betterment of the autonomous region.
"Having come here and seen the development changes that have taken place, I agree that you are a resilient people, with vision to rebuild your own region without waiting for assistance. I ask you to continue to work together to build a bright future for yourselves."
Bougainville Affairs Minister Fidelis Semoso said he hoped the Kokopau to Arawa road project would be completed before 2015 so that the people could travel in comfort to polling venues to vote for either a referendum of independence or continued autonomy for the Bougainville.
"Bougainville will remain an integral part of PNG until our people decide for independence or continued autonomy. We are not lazy people, we are industrious people keen on contributing to regional and nation building," he said.
Bougainville President John Momis acknowledged the national government support demonstrated through Abal, adding that he was confident the people of Bougainville would become prosperous.
"We have a dream were we will enjoy freedom, good health and education and work with the people of PNG to build this nation, the future looks bright," he said.


12)FORMER PNG LEADER ACCEPTS PANGUNA MINE POSITION
Namaliu says board needs PNG voice


MELBOURNE, Australia (Radio Australia, May 20, 2011) – A former prime minister of Papua New Guinea says he accepted a directorship on the board of Bougainville Copper because it's important the company has a PNG voice.


Sir Rabbie Namaliu was appointed to the board earlier this year as it became clear that talks on the reopening of the Panguna mine are set to begin.


The mine was closed in 1989 after it had sparked a decade-long civil war on the island.


Sir Rabbie, who led PNG from 1988 to 1992, says he thought long and hard before accepting the directorship and consulted widely on the matter.


He says he took on the post because Bougainville needs all the help it can get to restore services in the lead up to a referendum on independence.Radio Australia: www.abc.net.au/ra


Solomon Islands:


13)More than half a million people living in Solomon Islands


By Online Editor
2:46 pm GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Solomon Islands



The 2009 national population census has reported a total of more than half a million people in Solomon Islands.

The total population recorded for Solomon Islands in 2009 was 515-thousand-870 people.

Malaita accounted for the highest number of people with 137-thousand-596 or more than 26 percent of the total population.

Guadalcanal has the second highest number of people with more than 93-thousand-600, followed by the Western Province with about 77-thousand people and Honiara fourth with more than 64-thousand people.

Rennell-Bellona Province has the least number of people with just over three-thousand people.
SOURCE: SIBC/PACNEWS


14)Magistrate: Kemakeza has case to answer


The defence case will start into trial of Member of Parliament (MP) for Gela and former Minister for Mines and Energy Mark Kemakeza will start on May 24.

This was after the court ruled that Kemakeza has a case to answer after a no case to answer submissions was made by his lawyer.

His lawyer Maelyn Bird of Crystal Lawyers had made a no case to answer submissions at the end of the prosecution case.

She said her client has no case to answer and he should be acquitted of all the charges laid against him.

The prosecution however submitted that the accused has evidence on the charges he is facing.

But the court on Wednesday has made it clear that Kemakeza has a case to answer.

This means that the defence case will continue.

The Gela MP is facing two counts of official corruption and one count of abuse of office.

He allegedly misappropriated $764,000 of public funds allocated for fishing projects in his constituency.

Robert Barry of the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) appeared for the Crown in this matter.


Principal Magistrate Shafi Khan presided over the case.23/5/11 solomon star-By ASSUMPTA BUCHANAN


15)Businessman disagrees with assistance


AN Ontong Java business man who wants his name withheld disagrees with the report that $250,000 for copra has been disbursed to people by Member of Parliament Martin Kiloe.

It was reported that Mr Kiloe from his own money provided a $250,000 to encourage people in his constituency to get involved in copra making.

According to the businessman, who was heavily involved in buying copra from farmers said the claim in the story was not true

"Only food, petrol and few cash were provided," he said.

The businessmen said that it was a slap on the face for those who were involved in the activity.

"I bought copra from farmers and went to sell them to the person said to be holding the money and then found out that there was no money, I was only referred to come over to Honiara to see Mr Kiloe.

He said that they were stranded with their copra products upon arrival in Honiara for almost three weeks.

This was when they realised that they will only receive goods instead of cash under the $250,000 which was promised to them.

The businessman said such "false report" was not good since they expected money and not goods.

Mr Kiloe when contacted said that he already gave the money to Ian Makua and referred Mr Makua to comment on the issue.

Speaking to the Solomon Star, Mr Makua said that the purpose of the $250,000 was only to support with their needs and that was in kind.

He said that what was arranged was for cargoes to be sent to businesses in the villages that buy copra from farmers according to the amount of copra they buy.

"We have to pay them with goods and not money and we did this to save rural people in the village who need goods for their daily needs," he said.

The Ontong Java business man said that this way of using the copra funds is not a good practice as people in rural area need money to pay their children's fees, not goods.


"There should be transparency in such undertaking in order to satisfy people," the businessman said.23/5/11 solomonstar-By JENNIFER KAKAI


16) Premiers should have voice in parliament


THOSE in favour say aye! Those against say no!

Whether the ayes have it or not, a good reasoning that premiers should be allowed to sit and have voice in parliament was made during the National Development Strategy (NDS) consultations held in Auki, Malaita Province.

Chris Sunata, one of the NDS consultations participants made the recommendation to the panel that that is another way forward if the country seriously wants to pursue genuine developments.

"You see premiers look after the whole affairs of the province and they have fair knowledge of development aspirations of their provinces and understand the genuine needs of their provinces.

"They know these things more than Members of Parliament do and in order for provincial issues, grudges and needs to be heard, it is only through premiers," Mr Sunata said.

He said MPs only look after a minority group of constituents and sometimes hardly visit their constituencies to know the real needs of people.

"So sometimes what they say in parliament does not always represent the voice of people."

Mr Sunata suggested that the 10 temporary seats asked by women should instead be given to the 10 premiers.

"Because who will women represent?" he asked.

He said fair representation is not an issue.

"As long as we have proper developments in place where people can benefit from, everyone should be able enjoy a more developed society.

"I believe premiers should be given those temporary seats than to women."

Mr Sunata added that the issue of decentralisation has been on the lips of successive governments since the past ethnic conflict; therefore giving a voice to premiers in parliament should be a path towards that development.

The NDS consultations is being held at the provincial level by the Ministry of Planning and Aid Coordination, to ensure a document formulated includes views of people in the provinces.23/5/11 solomonstar-By EDNAL PALMER


17)New Zealand Trade Mission coming to Honiara


An influential group of New Zealand business people, headed by Member of Parliament John Hayes, is to visit Honiara next week to develop business opportunities between New Zealand and the Solomon Islands.

Ten companies will take part in the visit, which is being organised by the New Zealand Pacific Business Council (NZPBC).

One of the business leaders is Gilbert Ullrich, Chairman of the NZPBC. "It is 15 years since the last New Zealand business delegation visit to the Solomon Islands and it is definitely time for another. We look forward to renewing old friendships and contacts in Honiara and making new ones," he said.

"New Zealand and the Solomon Islands have much to offer each other in business and we think there is strong potential for the trading relationship," Mr Ullrich said.

The New Zealand businesses coming to Honiara deal in aluminium, vehicle tyres, architecture, automobile accessories, renewable energy, uniforms, greenhouse and horticultural products and food exports. New Zealand Trade and Enterprise will be represented by its Noumea-based Pacific Region Trade Commissioner, Richard Godin.

The mission will hold a mini expo at the Honiara hotel from 9am to midday on Wednesday this week.

Interested people are invited to attend the event to talk to the delegates.23/5/11 solomonnstar


18)Aircraft to be taken out


The Strategic Airlines leased airbus operated by Solomon Airlines is expected to be taken out of service before the end of this year.

Radio Australia reports said the aircraft is now schedule to be taken out of service.

The airbus last week made an emergency return to the Henderson airport one hour after lifting off to Brisbane.

A full scale aviation emergency was activated but the plane managed to land safely and the 38 passengers disembarked.

Strategic airline dismissed reports of smoke coming out from the cargo hold but put the blamed on a faulty indicator light.23/5/11solomonstar



19)Gold worth 30 million extracted


By Online Editor-8:42 pm GMT+12, 20/05/2011, Solomon Islands


Solomon Islands has recorded gold extraction worth SBD$30million (US$3.7 million) last year.


That's according to the Central Bank of Solomon Islands in its annual report launched in Honiara last Friday.


The report said this production was same as in 2009.


"About 130 kilograms of alluvial gold worth $30 million were extracted in 2010, the same level as that recorded in 2009," the report said.


Small scale production of alluvial gold by landowners around the Gold Ridge area continued in 2010 which contributed to the total production.


The Central Bank said a good number of gold mining permits and mining leases were issued last year.


"Ten alluvial gold mining permits and three mining leases were issued in 2010.


In addition, nickel prospecting and exploration licenses both on-shore and off-shore increased to fourteen, three of which are at their final stage of 6 to 7 years.


The Central Bank also highlighted that developing the mining and exploration sector of the economy has been a major focus of successive governments.


"The Gold Ridge mine project is in line with successive governments' policy to develop other sectors to reduce the economic reliance on the logging sector.


"Gold Ridge Mining Limited expects gold production to commence in March 2011 with an estimated annual output of 85,000 ounces in the first year and 120,000 ounces per year thereafter over the remaining life span of the mine," the bank said through the report.


It is anticipated that the re-opening of the Gold Ridge mine early this year will help contribute to the economy this year in terms of government revenue, trade balances, employment opportunities, and other spill over benefits-SOURCE: SOLOMON STAR/PACNEWS


20)Jobs boost expected with Solomons industrial park


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


A Solomon Islands fisheries official says a proposed marine and industrial park complex could bring thousands of jobs and other benefits to local people.


The Solomon Islands government is considering the feasibility of the project which would largely be funded with $120 million dollars from South Korean investors.


Solomon Islands Fisheries Ministry investment coordinator Louisa Hodge-Kopa says currently distant-water fishing nations often fish in the region under bilateral access arrangements and then leave.


But she says the park complex would bring value to the country through onshore processing and businesses supporting that such as a fuel depot, ship repairs and supplies, and net mending.


"We're talking between 2,000 to 5,000 jobs in this one industrial park area. It will bring new technologies into the Solomon Islands. We'll have a new development partner in the Korean government. There will be a lot more opportunities for local businesses."


Louisa Hodge-Kopa says a greater variety of goods could also come into Solomon Islands for sale.Radio New Zealand International


21)SOLOMONS 'TRUTH' HEARINGS MOVE TO GIZO
Focus on defunct militant 'Black Sharks'


HONIARA, Solomon Islands (Solomon Star, May 20, 2011) – Solomon Islands Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) chairman, Fr Sam Ata, will hold discussions with the Western provincial government in Gizo next week.


This is part of TRC's awareness programme ahead of the third public hearing for former combatants of Black Shark in Gizo next month.


According to the TRC office, the dialogue will result in both parties setting a date for the hearing.


Already, the TRC had held public hearings for ex-combatants of Malaita and Guadalcanal.


The Malaita public hearing was held at Buma, West Kwara'ae followed by those of Guadalcanal in Honiara last week.


The public hearing was to allow the ex-combatant to tell their stories of the past ethnic conflict and why they picked up arms during the ethnic tension from 1998-2003.Solomon Star


Vanuatu:


22)Vanuatu's ruling alliance survives parliamentary vote


Vanuatu's ruling alliance group has emerged victorious in a no-confidence vote by parliament earlier today.

The government alliance led by Prime Minister Sato Kilman won 27 votes in the 52 member parliament. Opposition Leader Serge Vohor's 25 votes included that of the speaker of parliament. Today's result followed an appeals court decision which returned Mr Kilman to power, after he was ousted during a no-confidence motion in April. But despite the victory, Prime Minister Sato Kilman says the country's political situation remains far from stable.

Reporter: Girish Sawlani
Speakers: Alain Simeon, Vanuatu journalist; Prime Minister Sato Kilman of Vanuatu


SAWLANI: It was always going to be a close fight, but in the end, the government led by Sato Kilman won by a single vote. Alain Simeon is a journalist with the Vanuatu Broadcasting and Television Corporation and was in parliament when the result was read out.

SIMEON: As parliament sat this morning, 52 members of parliament were present in the house. Following the procedure of parliament, the speaker of parliament was required to confirm the members of parliament who have switched sides. He wanted to confirm their affiliation to which political parties and went straight to allow the vote for the majority of the house. As parliament sat this morning, the government side was enjoying a majority of 27 members of parliament and the Opposition at 25.

SAWLANI: The government's victory was achieved as the result of two recent defections from the opposition led by Serge Vohor. In the past week, Stephen Kalsakau and Willy Reuben Abel switched wides after being offered cabinet positions. The Prime Minister Sato Kilman says he's happy with the result.

KILMAN:
We knew the outcome would be this and I am glad that in this case, the speaker recognised it and ruled for. So yes, I'm quite pleased with the decision of the speaker.

SAWLANI: But he warns the country's political situation is far from stable.

KILMAN: Even we have 27 at the moment, leaving the government side the Opposition side with 24 and you have the speaker as well. It's still not a comfortable number and you only need one or two to switch sides and we're back to square one. So I think to be fair on members of parliament, so that they can exercise their democratic rights which was given them by the electors to the end of this parliamentary term which is until next year. Failing that, then I think we should be looking at elections, going back, get a new mandate from the voters and hopefully we will have a better government in terms of a bigger majority. For Vanuatu, we cannot have instability for the next twelve months, it will be in the interest of the country to go back to elections, as soon as possible.

SAWLANI: While there's no guarantee that the Opposition won't call for another no-confidence vote before the next general election, Prime Minister Sato Kilman says his cabinet's priority lies in running the country.

KILMAN: For Vanuatu, we have various programs that are in place and programs which are bipartisan, agreed by many other governments that have come into power in the last couple of years. And these are the programs that we want to continue to keep going with them. But basically the objective being to be able to continue to grow the economy and sustain what we have achieved so far but putting emphasis on the delivery of service to the rural areas.

SAWLANI: And that could prove to be crucial in the near future, as Vanuatu looks set to enter the World Trade Organisation as its 154th member.20/5/11 http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/story.htm?id=40155


23)Kilman says early election still option to tackle instability


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


Vanuatu's prime minister, Sato Kilman, says his government is still considering whether to ask the President to dissolve parliament and allow an early election.


This is despite Mr Kilman withstanding a vote of no confidence last Friday.


In an extra-ordinary session of parliament Mr Kilman got the support of 27 of parliament's 52 MPs.


That vote came after an earlier no confidence vote that had removed Mr Kilman as prime minister, had been ruled unconstitutional.


Mr Kilman has said he plans to seek the backing of more members of the opposition to strengthen his position, but he's still looking at the possibility of dissolving parliament.


The two most recent changes of government over votes of no confidence had cost taxpayers more than five million US dollars.Radio New Zealand International


Nouvelle Caledonie:


24)ommittee reviewing New Caledonia's Noumea Accord to be reviewed


Posted at 23:37 on 22 May, 2011 UTC


The French prime minister, Francois Fillon, says the committee reviewing New Caledonia's Noumea Accord will be changed for the next formal round of consultations due before the summer break.


The Accord provides for a phased and irreversible transfer of powers, leading to a possible vote on New Caledonia's independence after 2014.


Walter Zweifel reports.


"Mr Fillon says the committee needs to keep pace with the changes seen since the accord was signed 13 years ago."


"The anti-independence signatory of the accord was the RPCR but it is now split into a cluster of new and rival parties that also want to be part of the crucial talks on the territory's future."


"The next committeee meeting in Paris needs to work on the agenda for the period of 2014 to 2018."


"The RPCR successor party is keen on an early vote on independence to bury the issue while most others appear open to seeking a new arrangement with France."


Radio New Zealand International


25)FRANCE ORDERS NEW ELECTIONS IN NEW CALEDONIA
Action follows four government collapses this year


WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, May 20, 2011) – The French prime minister, Francois Fillon, has announced that New Caledonia's Congress will elect a new collegial government in the first days of June, but no exact date has been given.


Mr Fillon made the announcement in Paris at the end of three days of talks with New Caledonian leaders aimed at solving the territory's political crisis.


Four governments in Noumea have collapsed this year amid a deepening row over which flag the territory should use.


Mr Fillon says next week, the French government will discuss planned changes to the electoral law, which will give future New Caledonian governments an 18-month grace period.


Under the current law, a single minister's resignation automatically triggers a fresh election within the Congress which has to be performed within two weeks.


After the last government collapse, the Congress agreed to no longer convene for an election, pending reforms, while Harold Martin was being retained to lead a caretaker administration.Radio New Zealand International: www.rnzi.com


26)Shark kills New Caledonia teeenager


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


A 15-year-old boy in New Caledonia has died after being bitten by a shark.


The teenager was kitesurfing near Kendec in the territory's north when he fell into the water.


Trying to retrieve his sail, he was attacked.


His father and friends managed to rescue him but he died when he arrived at the hospital in Koumac.Radio New Zealand International


Fiji:


27)Fiji Police to establish who planned Mara's escape


By Online Editor-11:24 am GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Fiji


Fiji Police Force is trying to ascertain who was behind Lieutenant Colonel Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara's escape to Tonga.
Police spokesperson Inspector Atunaisa Sokomuri said they have established that Mara had a few associates who helped him flee the country.
Sokomuri said – most of these individuals are now being investigated by police. He has also confirmed reports – the Tongan Defence vessel PO Savea picked Mara up from within Fiji's territorial waters.
"It was not a sea rescue as circulated by many press and media organisations. It was a planned and deliberate operation. The big question now is who organised the trip to Tonga and that is where our investigation is concentrating."
Mara is currently living in the Tongan King's villa in Nuku'alofa under heavy military guard.-SOURCE: FBC/PACNEWS


28)UN Human Rights Office silent about Fiji torture claims


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


The Fiji-based United Nations Office of the High Commission for Human Rights is not commenting on allegations that Fiji's military is torturing civilians.


A spokesperson for the office says it is not commenting at this time.


Last week, Lieutenant Colonel Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara's comments were the first by any of the 2006 coup leaders admitting that the military has been using torture in dealing with civilians perceived to be opposed to the regime.


Colonel Mara left for Tonga after being charged with sedition, saying he feared he would not get a fair trial from Fiji's military regime.


Colonel Mara says people are taken to the barracks for interrogation, conducted by a select group of soldiers, who operate under the commander, Commodore Frank Bainimarama.


Fiji's interim government is also refusing to comment on the torture allegations.


The UN Office of the High Commission for Human Rights, based in Suva, is tasked with increasing the knowledge of international human rights norms and standards by stakeholders in the region.Radio New Zealand International


29)I will not be extradited to Fiji: Lieutenant Colonel Mara


By Online Editor
3:08 pm GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Tonga



Former Fiji Military Third Infantry Regiment (3FIR) Commander, Lieutenant Colonel Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara says he will not be extradited to Fiji.

In an exclusive interview with PACNEWS, Ratu Tevita said he will not return to the country until democratic rule is restored.

"Hopefully I will but not extradited to Fiji but I hope to go back to a democratic Fiji," Lt Colonel Mara speaking to PACNEWS Journalist, Pita Ligaiula in Nuku'alofa.

"I absolutely have no political ambitions if things return to normalcy back home. I'm glad what I've set out to be, I'm part of the thousands of people in Fiji who are yearning to go back to democratic rule. I'm happy to contribute to it as I've mentioned I have no political ambitions, I've served my time with the military. "

The Fiji Government last week filed an application for Col Mara's extradition from Tonga.

But Colonel Mara said he has not received any extradition papers.

"I haven't received any formal papers, again when we get to that we'll address it," he said.

Colonel Mara is also concerned about the safety of his immediate family as Fijian authorities try and round up those who assisted in his escape to Tonga.

"Im very concerned about their safety, in particular my wife and close relatives and family members. No one knows even the person who took me, knew when he dropped me and than I got to another boat. This is water under the bridge now," he said

Lt Colonel Mara is currently staying at the Tongan King's villa in Nuku'alofa under military guard.
SOURCE: PACNEWS



30)Fiji research may lead to cut in rheumatic heart disease- http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/story.htm?id=40212



POLYNESIA:


31)AIR PASSENGERS STRANDED IN TONGA'S VAVA'U
Faulty bearing grounds domestic air link


WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, May 20, 2011) – Chathams Pacific's 50-seater Convair, which operates the link between the Tonga islands, was grounded due to mechanical problems leaving passengers stranded in Vava'u.


Taimi Tongaonline reports the glitch had left passengers, which include a significant portion of the regional high-level Trade Minister's meeting which recently wrapped up in Neiafu.


A majority of Tonga's Cabinet are also in Vava'u for the upcoming TERM-donors' forum.


Chathams Pacific's General Manager, Noel Gillespie, says pre-flight inspections of the craft revealed a faulty bearing in the plane's control systems.


He says the plane was therefore grounded until the defects were rectified, with a replacement being flown in from New Zealand.Radio New Zealand International: www.rnzi.com


32)Tonga-police make arrest in US visa scam


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


Tonga police have arrested a man for allegedly issuing false visas to Tongans to enter the United States.


Tonga's Foreign Affairs has issued a statement from the US Embassy stating the visas are from a so-called Kingdom of Hawaii and are not valid.


The assistant Police Commander says since early this year, close to 400 people applied for the fake visas, paying about 150 pa'aga, or 85 US dollars, per application.


'Unga Fa'aoa says the man police have arrested is Paki Fukofuka.


"He may be charged with obtaining money by false pretence and other charge under our Money laundering and Proceeds of Crimes Act, 2000."


'Unga Fa'aoa says police are also following up several other people of interest in relation to this case.Radio New Zealand International


33)VANUATU CEREMONY WELCOMES U.S. LED AID MISSION
U.S., New Zealand, Australia military offer health, disaster assistance


WELLINGTON, New Zealand (RNZI, April 29, 2011) - The US Commander of Pacific Partnership has been welcomed in a ceremony by island chiefs on Vanuatu's Luganville.


The chiefs offered up a sacrificial pig to mark the start of the US military led international aid mission to Vanuatu.


The arrival of ships from the United States, New Zealand and Australia is the biggest military show seen on Santo in Vanuatu's north since the Second World War.


The Chiefs invited US Navy Captain Jessie Wilson Junior to make a symbolic strike on the pig's head. The ceremony marks the start of a two week Vanuatu phase of a five month long mission to deliver aid and disaster preparedness to Santo and other Pacific islands. The commodore spoke of long held ties with Vanuatu, forged during the Second World War, when US military engineers helped drain swap land to pave the way for Luganville. Teams from mainly Australia, New Zealand and the US will offer dental and medical care, improve water supplies and coordinate with local officials on how to respond to cyclones and tsunamis.


Radio New Zealand International: http://www.rnzi.com/


34)French Polynesia's president calls for citizens to pay a third of income to save national airline


By Online Editor-11:17 am GMT+12, 23/05/2011, French Polynesia


French Polynesia's president, Oscar Temaru, has called for wage earners to buy into a fund to save the territory's carrier, Air Tahiti Nui.
Temaru has called for public servants and private sector employees to voluntarily pay a third of their income into the fund as patriot action is needed to keep the loss-making airline viable.
He said colossal fortunes are being made in French Polynesia and they all go elsewhere.
Temaru said the airline is vital for the tourism industry and the territory cannot stand by and watch as he puts it, planes fall into the water.
The comments have been strongly criticised by the opposition, saying they are empty words and miss the point.-SOURCE: RNZI/PACNEWS


Two agents lose job after Tahiti drugs ring bust


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


Reports from French Polynesia say two public security officials have been sacked over their role in the use and distribution of methamphetamine.


Tahitipresse says the two agents were suspended last November for using the banned drug and are now due to appear in court.


They were named by a suspected drug dealer when he was questioned.


Reports say more than 20 people have now been interrogated and six have been charged.


Police also detained for two days Cora Flosse, who is the daughter of the veteran politician Gaston Flosse.


The extent of the drugs ring was discovered after searches of private homes yielded photos of those alleged to be implicated.Radio New Zealand International


35)Niue plans changes to tax system


Posted at 01:45 on 23 May, 2011 UTC


The Niue government is planning personal income tax cuts while also extending the reach of the island's National Consumption Tax, which is imposed on all goods and services.


Last week, Toke Talagi was reconfirmed as premier for a further three-year term and he's planning to drop the threshold at which businesses must register for NCT to those with an annual turnover of 75,000 New Zealand dollars.


Previously it only applied to businesses with turnover of over 200,000 dollars a year.


Mr Talagi says the proposed changes still need to be worked through to measure what revenue they'll generate.


"With the increase in the number of tourists that we are hoping to achieve I'm hoping that that will contribute to more NCT by way of services that tourists use and so on. In some respects it's a careful approach, it's a conservative approach but at the same time looking at opportunities that are available to us that we can take advantage of and increase our revenues even more."Radio New Zealand International


36)PITCAIRN MAN DIES IN VAIN EVACUATION ATTEMPT
Victim thought to have suffered heart attack


WELLINGTON, New Zealand (Radio New Zealand International, May 22, 2011) – The governor of Pitcairn Island says the small community is in shock at the death of a man during an attempt to get him medical help.


Terry Young, who was convicted of rape during a high profile trial in 2004, died yesterday of a suspected heart attack.


He was being transported by yacht to Tahiti for medical treatment for what was thought to have been acute appendicitis.


The Pitcairn governor and British High Commissioner to New Zealand, Vicki Treadell, says he was being taken to another island, Mangareva, where a plane could evacuate him to Tahiti.


She says there is no airstrip on Pitcairn and the yacht was the closest vessel responding to an emergency appeal for transport.


Young had only recently been paroled.Radio New Zealand International: www.rnzi.com ( This story is educational for all,Some of our Pacific Islander People do live on atolls,a rock,Smaller Islands etc -sometimes it is difficult to get help in times of need , the only way to get to and from these areas, is by sea on a canoe,raft etc Its just just part of our living and sharing Our Beloved Pacific Ocean WAN SOLWARA(one salt water )ONE OCEAN.Our Condolense to the Pitcain Islander community)


MICRONESIA:


37)U.S. LAWMAKERS SEEK LIMIT ON MICRONESIAN IMMIGRANTS
Marshalls protest, cite compact terms


By Giff Johnson
MAJURO, Marshall Islands (Marianas Variety, May 23, 2011) – United States congressional leaders want to restrict the flow of Micronesians coming to the United States because they say the cost of providing social services to the thousands of islanders who have migrated has made the open door policy unsustainable.


In a May 12 letter obtained Friday, nine members of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, including the chairman of a key oversight committee for the islands, directed U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton and Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar to reach agreement with island governments to set up screening procedures to limit the number of incoming islanders from Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Palau who are likely to become "public charges" in the United States. This is the first time since "Compacts of Free Association" were approved in 1986 and renewed in 2003 that U.S. officials have sought to restrict unfettered flow of islanders into the U.S.


Marshall Islands Foreign Minister John Silk expressed his concern at the move, saying the Marshall Islands "will object to any system that imposes a de facto visa requirement on our citizens in the U.S.


That could violate both the letter and spirit of the Compact." These western Pacific nations were the focus of intense fighting between Japanese and American forces during World War II, and then administered by the United States as a United Nations Trust Territory after the war until 1986.


The U.S. used the Marshall Islands to test 67 nuclear weapons from 1946 to 1958, and operates an important missile testing base in the country.


The U.S. Congress letter was issued two days after an agreement was signed by Marshall Islands landowners cementing use of the Kwajalein missile testing range by the U.S. Defense Department through 2066. It calls on State and Interior to take grant funding currently designated for health and education development in these western Pacific nations and use a portion to educate islanders bound for America about their responsibilities in the U.S. under the visa-free agreement, and to fund dialysis treatment in the islands to reduce costs of health care for increasing numbers of islanders seeking treatment in America.


Silk expressed concern that diverting already diminishing U.S. grant funding to the areas suggested by the congressional leaders "could undermine our efforts to improve health and education outcomes, which are the stated goals in the Compact."


"The Marshall Islands "is fully committed to the Compact, and we are always willing to work on problems that arise and persevere in our efforts to maintain our special and unique relationship."


In 1986, the U.S. and the Marshall Islands and Federated States of Micronesia, and later Palau, approved compacts that allow visa-free access to the U.S. for islanders to study, work and live.


In recent years, as economic conditions have deteriorated in the islands, many have left to the U.S. and Guam. About 56,000 people live in Marshall Islands, 110,000 in Micronesia and 18,000 in Palau.


Estimates of Micronesians and Marshall Islanders living in the U.S. range from 30,000 to 40,000.


Earlier this year, in response to U.S. congressional concern about the cost of providing services to people from the islands, the U.S. Government Accountability Office launched a study of the situation.


In 2009, U.S. Congress officials "stated the belief that the policy of allowing freely associated state citizens to enter the U.S. for work, study, and residence is sound," said the May 12 letter.


"However, recent trends indicate that the current implementation of that policy is unsustainable."


The provision allowing Marshall Islanders, Micronesians and Palauans visa-free access to America is embedded in the compact of free association treaties with the islands and in U.S. law.


The letter was signed by New Mexico Sen. Jeff Bingaman, who chairs the Energy and Natural Resources Committee that oversees legislation on U.S.-affiliated islands in the Pacific, Alaska Sen. Lisa Murkowski, the entire Hawaii delegation, both senators from Arkansas, a state where up to 10,000 Marshall Islanders live, and Guam Congresswoman Madeleine Bordallo.


The U.S. legislators want a screening process to reduce "the number of migrants who are likely to become a public charge." They recommended "screening measures that could be implemented by the freely associated state governments to reduce the rate of migration of persons who are likely to develop an over-reliance on social services."Marianas Variety: www.mvariety.com


TOK PISIN (Papua NiuGini,Autonomous Bouganville,Solomon Islands & Vanuatu) 22/5/11-radioaustralia)


38)VAN: Bikpela sanis long laif long taoni mekim pipal i sik


Wanpela savemeri long helt long Pacific i tok sindaon blong pipal long taon oa siti long Vanuatu i wok long halvim moa pipal i bungim
heve long igo longlong oa gat mental health.
World Health Organization i lonchim oa opim nau wanpela Pacific Islands Mental Health Network, blong halivim pipal i gat sik oa heve long
mental health care , we em i nogat long region.
Professor Dimity Pond blong University blong Newcastle i tok pipal oa Vanuatu society ii wok long lukim sampela bikpela sanis i kamap nau.



FIJI; Wanpela olpela Fiji Military Commander itok emi tru ol soljia is


Wanpela olpela Fiji military commander usait ibin ronwe long kantri bilongen itok, emi tru olsem ol isave paitim nambaut ol kalapus na mekim ol pasin nogut long ol long ol military barracks klostu long capital Suva.
Fiji iwok long traim long kisim beck Lieutenant Colonel Ratu Tevita Mara usait nau igo istap long Tonga, bilong igo sanap long aie bilong kot long bagarapim nem bilong Gavman.
Human rights grups ibin wok long sutim tok olsem despela military gavman isave pulim kalapusim na paitim ol political prisoners
or kalapus long Queen Elizabeth military barracks.
Ratu Tevita itok, ol despela sutim i i tru.



East Tiimor: Kantrii i liklik tumas long gat Detention centre


Wanpela East Timor gavman minista i tok em i hamamas Australia Gavman i tingting long kamapim wanpela dil oa agreemen
wantaem malaysia long kisim ol asylum seekers na i no wantaem kantri blongem.
Vais Forein Affairs Minista Alberto Carlos i mekim despela toktok taim em i bin kam toktok long nineth anniversari blong Indenpendence
blong kantri blongem asde long Darwin city, Northern Territory blong Australia.
Em i tok Australia Gavman i mas lus tingting long ol plen blongem long kirapim wanpela regional processing centre blong ol asylum seekers
long East Timor... bikos kantri blongem i liklik tumas.



AUS:Federal Opposition i tok em i holim strongpela bilif bai ol Greens


Australia Federal Opposition i tok em i holim strongpela bilif bai ol Greens na Independent MP i sapotim plen long kirapim wanpela
Paliament wok-painim aut igo long ol heve em i wok long kamap long immigration detention system.
Simon Cullen i ripot i kam long Parliament House olsaem long ol despela mun igo pinis, planti samting i no go stret long detention centre we
em i bin gat ol trabal na protest pipal i mekim..
.Na kos blong wok oa deal wantaem ol asylum seekers i kalap igo antap moa moa yet.
Opposition Immigration mausman, Scott Morrison, i tokim Insiders program, blong ABC bai oli mas holim wanpela parliament
investigation igo long wanem ol trabal na protest samting i wok long kamap.



ASIA:China na South Korea i tok long sapotim Japan


China Premier, Wen Jiabao i tok gavman blongem bai i daonim sampela tambu em oli bin putim long ol kaikai oli save kisim i kam long
Japan bihaen long bikepla guria na tsunami long mun March.
Em i bin tokaut long three-way summit wantaem Japan na South Korea long Tokyo.
Premier Wen na South Korea President Lee Myung-Bak, i tokaut ken long sapotim Japan long stretim gut ken
sindaon blong pipal na stretim ol samting long kantri long bikpela bagarap em i bin kamap.
Tupela kantri wantaem i bin kamapim tambu long ol kaikai samting oa food products i kam long ol region we ol bagarap i bin kamap klostu
longen long despela Fukushima Daiichi nuclear nuclear birua.
Japan Praim Minista Naoto Kan i tok-promis long dilim ripot oa infomesen long birua long nuclear wantaem ol
narapela kantri long wol.



INDON; Gavman itokaut long tambuim pastaim ol wok bilong katim tima lo


Gavman bilong Indonesia ibin tokaut long putim tambu long katim daun ol forest inap long tupela yar , tasol igat planti ol kainkain askim tumas long sapos em ilaik igo hed wantaim desela plan bilongen.
Bihain long ol ibin sukurim taim inap long 5-pela mun - Indonesia i putim tambu pastaim long inoken givim moa ol tokorait bilong
katim daun ol forest na itok- ol inonap long peim compensaiton long wanem ol kampani i bungim ol heve.
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ibin sainim wanpela tokorait bilong larim ol mining aninit long graun iken igo hed insait long ol eria ol putim ol tambu longen inap long 20-pela yar - em sapos oli bihainim ol environmental lo .
Adviser bilongen long climate change, Agus Purnomo itok, despela tingting bilong putim tambau pastaim longen bai inoken pasim rot bilong ol lain timber planters long igo hed long planim moa ol timber.
Em itok , Gavman ino putim mak long usait ol lain ilaik igo hed long planim moa ol niupela timber long wanem gavman bai inonap long tambuim ol palm oil bisnis long igo bigpela moa.



BAHASA: (West Papua,Timor,Sumba,Maluku+) radioaustralia 23/5/11 )


39)A-I khawatirkan meningkatnya hukuman cambuk di Aceh


Organisasi hak asasi manusia, Amnesti Internasional, mengatakan bahwa pengadilan Shari'ah di provinsi Aceh makin sering melaksanakan hukuman cambuk di depan umum.
Provinsi Nanggroe Aceh Darusaalam telah mendirikan Pengadilan Shari'ah sebagai bagian dari otonomi khusus yang diperolehnya dari pemerintah pusat, yang sekular.
Menurut Amnesti Internasional, pemerintah pusat harus menghentikan praktek tersebut karena, katanya, melanggar hukum internasional, kejam dan tidak manusiawi.



Ketua Komisi Luar Negeri UE kunjungi Benghazi


Ketua Komisi Luar Negeri Uni Eropa, Catherine Ashton, tiba di Benghazi, kota yang dikuasai pemberontak Libya, untuk membuka kantor perwakilan di sana.
Kunjungan itu dilakukan hanya beberapa jam sesudah pesawat-pesawat NATO membom pelabuhan ibukota Tripoli.
Uni Eropa telah mengatakan bahwa misi perwakilannya akan membantu memperbaiki arus pengiriman bantuan kepada mereka yang terpengaruh oleh pertempuran selama berminggu-minggu antara pasukan pro dan anti pemerintah Gaddafi.



Cina konfirmasi kunjungan Kim Jong-Il


Para pejabat Korea Selatan mengatakan, Perdana menteri Cina, Wen Jiabao, mengkonfirmasi bahwa pemimpin Korea Utara, Kim Jong Il, sedang mengunjungi Cina untuk mempelajari pembangunan ekonominya.
Kata mereka, Perdana Menteri Wen menyatakan harapan bahwa pemimpin Korea Utara itu akan menggunakan lawatannya untuk membantu menghidupkan-lagi perekonomian Korea Utara yang mandek.
Perdana Menteri Wen mengatakan hal itu kepada Presieen Korea Selatan, Lee Myung-bak dalam pertemuan bilateral di sela-sela Pertemuan Puncak Segi Tiga di Tokyo dengan Perdana Menteri Jepang, kata jurubicara Presiden Lee.
Ini merupakan konfirmasi resmi pertama tentang kunjungan yang dimulai hari Jumat lalu ketika kereta api yang ditumpangi Kim Jong-Il melintasi perbatasan Korea Utara-Cina.
Sampai sekarang kunjungan itu masih diliputi rahasia.
Ini merupakan kunjungan Kim Jong-Il yang ketiga dalam waktu hanya lebih dari satu tahun.



Obama tetap pertahankan visi perdamaain Timur Tengahnya


Presiden Amerika Serikat, Barack Obama, tidak mau mengubah wawasan barunya tentang perdamaian Timur Tengah yang membuat marah Israel ketika memberikan sambutan di depan pendukung terkuat negara Yahudi itu di Amerika.
Presiden Obama menegaskan, ikatan antara Amerika Serikat dan Israel tidak dapat dipatahkan.
Tapi ia memperingatkan lobi pro-Israel di Amerika bahwa negara Yahudi itu akan semakin dikucilkan jika tidak tercapai proses perdamaian Timur Tengah yang kredibel.
Ia membela dukungannya terhadap pembentukan negara Palestina di masa depan yang didasarkan pada perbatasan Israel tahun 1967 asalkan ada pertukaran wilayah lewat perundingan.
Menurut Presiden Obama, yang dilakukannya hari Kamis lalu adalah mengatakan secara resmi apa yang selama ini sudah diakui secara diam-diam.
Dikatakannya, ia melakukan hal itu karena Amerika Serikat tidak bisa menunggu satu dekade atau dua dekade atau tiga dekade lagi; dunia bergerak sangat cepat.



AS diminta segera hentikan serangan rudal Drone


Ribuan rakyat Pakistan menggelar demonstrasi di kota Karachi menuntut segera diakhirinya serangan rudal Amerika Serikat di daerah-daerah suku yang kacau di dalam wilayah Pakistan.
Mereka juga menuntut diblokadenya operasi pengiriman bahan perbekalan NATO melalui wilayah Pakistan.
Para demonstran itu juga melancarkan kampanye aksi-duduk di luar pelabuhan Karachi dan mendesak pemerintah Pakistan agar mengakhiri kerjasamanya dengan Washington dalam kampanye perang melawan teror.



6 tewas dalam tabrakan jeep dan kereta api di India


Sedikitnya 16 orang, kebanyakan wanita, tewas dalam kecelakaan lalu lintas di India Utara.
Menurut polisi, mobil jeep yang penuh sesak ditabrak kereta api di sebuah persimpangan.
Kecelakaan itu terjadi di kawasan Madhubani, negara bagian Bihar.
Kebanyakan korban tewas di lokasi kecelakaan.



Rangkaian ledakan bom mengguncang ibukota Irak


Pihak aparat keamanan Irak mengatakan, sedikitnya 13 orang tewas dan lebih dari 60 lainnya luka-luka dalam serangkaian serangan bom di berbagai penjuru ibukota, Baghdad.
Menurut laporan, sasaran serangan pemboman itu terutama daerah-daerah yang berpenduduk Shi'ah.
Dalam apa yang tampaknya merupakan kampanye yang terko-ordinasi, serangkaian ledakan bom mengguncang banyak bagian kota Baghdad dan kawasan sekitarnya pada jam-jam sibuk
Menurut polisi, sedikitnya ada 14 bom atau bahan peledak yang dipasang di pinggir jalan, dan ada pula yang disimpan dalam mobil.
Serangan paling serius terjadi di Taji di utara Baghdad di mana seorang pembom bunuh diri meledakkan diri di tengah kerumunan polisi yang datang untuk menangani ledakan bom sebelumnya.
Tingkat kekerasan di Irak sekarang pada umumnya jauh di bawah skala pada puncak kerusuhan antar golongan agama lima tahun yang lalu.
Serangan antar golongan Sunnah dan Shi'ah masih terjadi hampir setiap hari, namun rangkaian ledakan dalam waktu yang singkat seperti minggu ini sangat luar biasa.



Letusan gunung di Eslandia mengancam dunia penerbangan


Timbul kekhawatiran bahwa kekacauan dalam dunia penerbangan yang terjadi tahun lalu akan terulang lagi menyusul letusan sebuah gunung berapi lainnya di Eslandia.
Organisasi Keselamatan Udara Eropa, Eurocontrol, mengatakan awan abu dari Gunung Grimsvoeten diduga akan mencapai Skotlandia Utara hari Selasa besok.
Awan abu itu kemudian akan melewati Inggeris dan mencapai Prancis dan Spanyol pada hari Kamis jika letusan gunung tersebut tidak berhenti.
Tahun lalu letusan gunung berapi lainnya di Eslandia mengacaukan penerbangan di seluruh Eropa selama berhari-hari, dan dampaknya dirasakan di seluruh dunia.



FRANIS:(New Caledonia/Vanuatu/Tahiti (French Polynesia)/Wallis & Futuna)


40)Brèves du Pacifique - 23/05/2011


9 ans d'indépendance pour le Timor Leste – Et c'est avec enthousiasme que les autorités attendent l'année prochaine ; l'année des élections et le retrait des Nations Unies.


Vendredi dernier, les membres du gouvernement et des dignitaires étrangers se sont rassemblés devant le Palais du Gouvernement à Dili, la capitale, pour une remise de médailles à des hommes et des femmes reconnus pour leurs efforts et leurs réalisations. Médailles qui ont été épinglées par le Président José-Ramos Horta. Ainsi, 260 militaires australiens et 70 Néo-Zélandais ont reçu la Médaille de solidarité du Timor Leste, occupé par l'Indonésie pendant 24 ans. Après une minute de silence en l'honneur des résistants morts dans la lutte pour l'indépendance, les sympathisants du parti Fretilin ont aussi défilé dans les rues de Dili. Ce parti, l'ancien mouvement indépendantiste du Timor oriental, détient 21 sièges sur les 65 que compte le Parlement.



Bernard Chan exprime ses regrets et présente ses excuses – Le président du Comité paralympique de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée est revenu sur un incident qui a jeté une ombre sur les tous récents Jeux d'Arafura à Darwin en Australie. Edward Ilou, 24 ans, atteint d'infirmité motrice cérébrale, qui a participé aux compétitions d'athlétisme, a été interpellé par la police et condamné à un mois de prison pour attouchements sexuels sur mineur ; une petite fille de 10 ans. « Vous est une honte pour votre pays », a déclaré le juge.
Le quotidien papou, The National, rapporte maintenant la déception que cet incident a causé à Bernard Chan : « le Comité paralympique aimerait présenter ses excuses au gouvernement de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, à sa population, à nos sponsors, nos athlètes et nos officiels, au Comité organisateur d'Arafura et le plus important, à la victime, à sa famille, aux habitants de Darwin et à la population australienne. »



Sato Kilman reste au pouvoir - La valse des motions de censure continue au Vanuatu et vendredi dernier 27 députés sur les 52 que compte le Parlement se sont prononcés en faveur de M. Kilman. Serge Vohor a dû se contenter de 25 voix. M. Vohor est resté très brièvement au poste de Premier ministre après avoir renverser Sato Kilman à l'aide d'une motion de censure au mois d'avril. Cette motion a ensuite été annulée à la suite d'un recours en justice. Une nouvelle motion a donc été déposée et c'est Sato Kilman qui l'emporte et avec une majorité de deux députés on ne peut pas réellement parler de stabilité politique au Vanuatu.



Une juge australienne condamne la sévérité du gouvernement australien à l'égard des trafiquants d'êtres humains – La semaine dernière, Edward Nafi, un Indonésien de 58 ans, a été condamné à 8 ans de prison pour avoir emmené par bateau en Australie un groupe de demandeurs d'asile. Pour Judith Kelly, juge à la Cour suprême du Territoire du Nord, cette peine de 8 ans est disproportionnée par rapport aux autres sanctions prévues par la loi. Et s'il ne tenait qu'à elle, Edward Nafi aurait été condamné à 18 mois de prison et non pas huit. Toutefois, les dispositions prévues par la loi concernant les passeurs de réfugiés sont obligatoires et la juge n'a pas d'autres choix que de les imposer. Judith Kelly souligne que c'est l'extrême pauvreté qui est à l'origine de la décision de M. Nafi d'embarquer des demandeurs d'asile et que les effets de la sanction auront un impact désastreux sur la femme et la fille du condamné. Le gouvernement australien n'a fait aucun commentaire.



Les cultivateurs de kiwis en seront pour leurs frais – Les fruiticulteurs de la région de Bay of Plenty en Nouvelle-Zélande risquent de perdre des centaines de milliers de dollars après qu'un Samoan atteint de la fièvre typhoïde ait passé haut la main une visite médicale avant de travailler à la cueillette des fruits. Ainsi, plus de 100 000 plateaux de ces fruits à la peau brune et duveteuse ont dû être jetés. Une perte de près de 600 000 dollars australiens.
30 000 plateaux avaient déjà été envoyés à l'étranger quand les services de santé ont averti les cultivateurs. Ils ont toutefois pu être interceptés et détruits. Les plateaux en Nouvelle-Zélande ont été mis en quarantaine et seront aussi détruits. Selon les autorités, les risques de contaminations des fruits sont « extrêmement » légers mais les services de santé ont préférer réagir immédiatement pour ne pas ternir l'image d'une industrie estimée à plus d'un milliard de dollars.



Sir Michael Somare toujours en soins intensifs - Les inquiétudes grandissent à propos de l'état de santé du Premier ministre de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée, âgé de 75 ans. Début avril, Sir Michael a déclaré être à Singapour pour une visite médicale de routine. C'était en fait pour une chirurgie cardiaque. Un mois après cette intervention chirurgicale, le Premier ministre est toujours à Singapour et n'aurait pas quitté le service des soins intensifs. John Nongorr, un avocat spécialiste des questions constitutionnelles, indique que si Sir Michael n'est pas prochainement en mesure de rependre son poste, le Gouverneur général de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée n'aura pas d'autres choix que de suspendre Sir Michael de ses fonctions. Pour l'instant, c'est Sam Abal, le Vice-Premier ministre qui assure l'intérim.



Des étudiants malhonnêtes ou des étudiants sans le sou ?


Akmal Ali est le secrétaire général de l'Association des Étudiants de l'Université du Pacifique Sud à Fidji. Pour lui, les Étudiants qui ne remboursent pas les prêts aux étudiants, des prêts sans intérêts dont ils ne doivent rembourser que le tiers, sont avant tout égoïstes.
Le prêt requis pour un diplôme universitaire serait d'environ 10 000 dollars fidjiens, soit un peu plus de 5 000 dollars australiens que certains rechignent à rembourser. Akmal Ali.


ALI : « Et subitement, ces diplômés… Ces gens qui ont accepté par principe de rembourser ne tiennent par leurs engagements et mettent fin aux espoirs d'autres personnes qui pourraient venir ici pour s'éduquer et se libérer. »


Nous avons fait remarquer à Akmal Ali que dans le Pacifique le taux de chômage est élevé et qu'ils n'ont peut-être pas les moyens. Quant aux anciens étudiants qui travaillent dans les petites nations océaniennes de la région, leurs salaires ne sont pas les mêmes qu'en Australie et en Nouvelle-Zélande et 10 000 dollars fidjiens est une importante somme d'argent. Akmal Ali.


ALI : « Mais je ne parle pas du Pacifique dans son ensemble mais de Fidji et à Fidji un diplômé doit gagner en moyenne de 12 000 dollars à 15 000 dollars et nous leur demandons de rembourser dans les 3 000 dollars par an de leurs 12 000 ou 15 000 dollars. »


Une somme raisonnable pour le secrétaire général de l'Association des Étudiants. Mais alors pour quelles raisons ces étudiants refusent de rembourser.


ALI : « Parce qu'ils ne veulent pas payer… c'est parce que… ce n'est pas parce qu'ils ne peuvent pas payer, c'est parce qu'ils ne veulent pas payer. Et la plupart d'entre eux, quand ils ont fini leurs études, partent vers de meilleurs horizons en Australie ou en Nouvelle-Zélande. Et ça c'est le pire, ils sont formés ici et ils partent ensuite à l'étranger, c'est vraiment injuste et ce n'est pas éthique, ce n'est pas correct. Et si ces gens n'ont pas été honnêtes avec nous, avec ceux qui les ont aidés, qu'ils les ont soutenus, comment pourraient-ils être honnêtes avec leurs employeurs. »


Akmal Ali a souligné que les étudiants doivent rembourser leurs prêts uniquement à partir du moment où ils ont trouvé du travail et non pas à la fin de leurs études. Le gouvernement fidjien étudie des sanctions qui pourraient être imposées aux mauvais payeurs notamment ceux qui ont quitté le pays.



Des généraux s'expriment sur l'affaire Mara


Et pas n'importe lesquels. Ces deux anciens commandants militaires qui ont aussi utilisé la force contre des élus, tout comme l'a fait le Contre-amiral Frank Bainimarama lors du putsch de décembre 2006 avec l'aide de l'ancien commandant du troisième régiment d'infanterie fidjien, le Lieutenant-colonel Ratu Tevita Uluilakeba Mara.
Tevita Mara a maintenant déserté le Contre-amiral Bainimarama et se cache à Tonga après avoir fui à bord d'un patrouilleur de la marine tongienne.
Le général Sitiveni Rabuka, le dirigeant de 2 coups d'État militaires aux îles Fidji en 1987, et le général Jerry Singirok, ancien commandant des forces de défense de Papouasie Nouvelle-Guinée (qui serait à l'origine de la chute du gouvernement de Julius Chan au milieu des années 90) ne partagent pas exactement le même point de vue dans l'affaire Mara.


Tevita Mara a été accusé de sédition après avoir critiqué l'administration fidjienne issue du coup d'État militaire. Le Lieutenant-colonel aurait indiqué que les militaires contrôlent totalement le gouvernement, que c'est une mauvaise chose pour l'armée et que l'armée en souffre. Qu'en pense le général Sitiveni Rabuka ?


RABUKA : « Je ne sais pas quand il a dit ça, si c'est avant ou après avoir été inculpé. Et le communiqué du procureur ne dit pas s'il a tenu ou non ses propos dans une réunion. Les propos qu'il a tenu aurait dû être exprimés dans une réunion en présence de son officier supérieur ou peut-être dans une conférence entre commandants de haut rang où les participants doivent pouvoir s'exprimer librement. Le commandant en chef de l'armée aurait alors pu lui dire : 'J'ai la situation en main et j'ai pris une direction qui je pense est bonne pour nous. Tous ceux qui ne veulent pas rester sur le pont peuvent se retirer.' Ça, c'est une la manière honorable de se retirer. »


Nous avons posé la même question au général papou, Jerry Singirok. Est-ce qu'un officier a le droit de remettre en question la participation des militaires dans l'appareil politique fidjien ?


SINGIROK : « Et bien vu de l'extérieur, il y a un désaccord sur un régime militaire à Fidji et à ce jour je continue de maintenir que Frank Bainimarama doit maintenant redonner le pouvoir à un gouvernement civil. Et je maintiens aussi que la place des militaires dans une société démocratique se trouve dans les casernes ou dans des opérations internes ou internationales. L'armée est faite pour commander des hommes et des femmes en fonction d'un scénario militaire et non pas pour gouverner ou diriger un pays. D'un point de vue historique, les régimes militaires durent un temps et généralement s'écroulent. »


Des propos recueillis par notre collègue Bruce Hill.



AUSTRELIA:


41)Are Australian firms well-equipped for trade with China?- http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/story.htm?id=40218



42)Company says its rare earth plant in Malaysia will be safe


The Australian company behind a rare earth plant in Malaysia has assured the local community it will be safe.


The move followed a protest by opponents of the plant outside the Australian High Commission yesterday.


Southeast Asia correspondent Zoe Daniel reports, Lynas Corp's state of the art plant will extract rare earth minerals from ore transported from Western Australia.


The ore contains low levels of radiation in the element Thorium. Activists fear it'll contaminate the environment and affect people's health.


They've compared it to an old Mitsubishi Chemicals rare earth plant at Bukit Merah which was shut down in 1992 but is still being decontaminated. Lynas says the two can't be compared.


The company says its raw material will contain up to 50 times less radiation and radiation levels in waste will be 300 times lower. An independent panel is set to assess the project.21/5/11 abc



NIU ZILAN:


43)NZ government will not move on Fiji sanctions


By Online Editor-11:37 am GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Fiji


The New Zealand Government is unlikely to put more sanctions on Fiji, despite reports of New Zealanders being detained.
It is understood two New Zealanders, businessman Anthony Fullman and surfing instructor Tim McBride, have been questioned in Fiji about Lieutenant Colonel Tevita Mara, who has fled to Tonga.
Fullman has been pulled in for questioning because phone records show he had been talking to Lieutenant Colonel Mara before he left for Tonga.
Mara escaped from a charge of sedition in Fiji last weekend, but is in Tonga under the protection of the royal family, to whom he is related.
ONE News correspondent Barbara Dreaver spoke to Mara and said he told her that it was only natural the two had talked because "they are friends".
Fullman is the former head of Fiji's Water Authority and is one of a number to be questioned over how Mara came to be in Tonga. Fullman has had his passport confiscated.
Police said they have also spoken to surf instructor Tim McBride who is married to Mara's niece.
His family lives in Rarotonga but McBride uses an American passport because his father is from the United States.
"I am really, really concerned I am worried because I always keep in touch with my son and the last few days I tried and there was no response. My calls keep being transferred," McBride's mother Nima told ONE News.
According to the latest Amnesty International report, theres every reason to be concerned.
"Recently, we've seen politicians, union leaders and so on taken to the Queen Elizabeth barracks being physically and sexually abused and intimidated so we would be very concerned about anyone being taken in for questioning by the military," Patrick Holmes from Amnesty International said.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs says it has not been contacted by any New Zealanders asking for its assistance.
Prime Minister John Key said New Zealand and Australia have been keeping the pressure on Commodore Frank Bainimarama to hold elections.
John Key says economic sanctions can last a long time before they have any great impact but have a dramatic impact on the plight of everyday citizens in that country. PM Key said the government knows the travel bans are working and they frustrate the Fijian government.-
SOURCE: TVNZ/PACNEWS


PASIFIK:


44)Pacific region makes gains in combating illegal fishing, says FFA


Posted at 18:44 on 22 May, 2011 UTC


The Forum Fisheries Agency says member countries have made significant gains in combatting illegal fishing in the past two years.


The FFA is attributing significant improvement in surveillance of exclusive economic zones to more cohesion of members' resources and capabilities, as well as better-trained personnel.


It's currently running a surveillance operation in an un-named part of the Pacific using New Zealand, Australian and French airforce capabilities, plus four patrol vessels.


The FFA's surveillance operations officer, Martin Campbell, says results from a similar operation last month reflected the success of monitoring, control and surveillance programmes


"Whereas two years ago, that would probably reap two or three apprehensions, in the last operation, despite boarding 47 vessels, not one was apprehended. And five days into the operation now, so far there's been no sign of illegal activity. So we're heartened by that."Radio New Zealand International



45)Sea Shepherd looks to help other Pacific Islands with marine surveillance


By Online Editor-11:22 am GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Palau


The conservation group, Sea Shepherd, says it's looking to work with a number of Pacific island governments to help bolster protection of their marine life.
This comes after Palau ended its agreement with the group for providing marine surveillance in its waters after receiving a counter offer from Japan.
Sea Shepherd is well known for trailing Japanese whaling ships in the southern oceans in an effort to stop whaling, but their intervention tactics have resulted in them being called terrorists by some in Japan.
Japanese officials offered to provide Palau with its own patrol vessel and financial support as an alternative to Sea Shepherd's involvement.
The group's president Paul Watson said the outcome was a positive one that has inspired them to approach other Pacific nations to offer help with marine surveillance.
"I think that these other nations will be quite receptive considering that we can tell them that Japan will probably try and break the agreement and make them a nice offer. Palau's given us a lot of inspiration that we can actually make a significant difference here. We have been in discussion with Tahiti and we will be approaching other nations like Cook Islands and Marshall Islands for example.".-SOURCE: RNZI/PACNEWS



WORLD:


46)Japan, China and South Korea to set up nuclear alert


The leaders of Japan, China and South Korea have agreed to set up an early warning system to alert each other of emergencies at nuclear facilities.
Japan's Prime Minister Naoto Kan has agreed to the measure after a meeting in Tokyo with Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao and South Korean President Lee Myung-bak.
The leaders say nuclear experts will also share more data in future.
Workers at Fukushima, hit by an earthquake and tsunami in March, are still battling to control the damaged facility, which is leaking radioactive material.



47)European states back French politician for top IMF post


by Europe correspondent Emma Alberici, wires


Support for French finance minister Christine Lagarde to take charge of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is gaining momentum.

The race for the leadership of the IMF was thrown open last week when managing director Dominique Strauss-Kahn resigned after being arrested on charges of attempted rape.

Mr Strauss-Kahn, a leading contender for the French presidency until his arrest, has denied the charges.

But his departure leaves the IMF without a leader at a crucial time for Europe's debt crisis and the fragile global recovery.

French interior minister Claude Gueant, a former chief of staff to president Nicolas Sarkozy, says Ms Lagarde would make an excellent head of the Washington-based lender.

"I hope it will be a European, and Christine Lagarde obviously has all the qualities to be an excellent director of the IMF. And besides, many countries support her," he told Europe 1 radio.

He is the first member of France's cabinet to openly tout her credentials, but Ms Lagarde has also received backing from other countries.

With the IMF due to accept nominations from Monday, European powers have already started to close ranks behind a regional candidate, saying it is crucial the next managing director has knowledge of Europe, where the lender is heavily involved.

British chancellor of the exchequer George Osborne said the 55-year-old was an "outstanding candidate", while Germany's Angela Merkel has described her a "figure of excellent standing".

With the support of the region's three largest economies appearing to guarantee Ms Lagarde the European nomination, she would only realistically require the backing of the US to secure the post.

Ms Lagarde impressed finance chiefs in Washington and Beijing for the way she steered the global economy during France's G20 presidency this year.

She is also a fluent English speaker, having worked as a lawyer in the US for 20 years.

Her chances have been given another lift after Turkey's former economy minister Kema Dervis pulled out of the race.

But other nations argue it is time to end 65 years of European domination of the IMF post.

Mexico is leaning towards nominating its central bank chief Agustin Carstens, a former deputy managing director at the IMF.

The finance ministers of Australia and South Africa, who jointly chair a G20 committee on reform of the IMF, say the tradition that the fund's managing director was European was out of date.

They called for G20 nations to honour a pledge made two years ago for an open selection.

The IMF has said a new chief would be appointed by June 30.

Meanwhile Mr Strauss-Kahn left jail on Friday and was expected to stay in an apartment in Manhattan for a few days until permanent housing can be found as he prepares his defence.

He denies the sexual assault accusations made by a hotel maid, a 32-year-old widow from Guinea. He is due to reappear in court on June 6 to formally answer the charges.

A trial may be six months or more away. If convicted, Mr Strauss-Kahn could face 25 years in prison.23/5/11 abc



CLIMATE CHANGE:


48)No doubt' humans causing global warming


By Online Editor-11:19 am GMT+12, 23/05/2011, Australia


The head of Australian federal government's climate commission says the latest science makes the case for human-induced global warming indisputable.
The commission releases its first major report, The Critical Decade, on Monday.
It said global warming could cause the global sea level to rise up to one metre by the end of the century - higher than previously thought.
The commission, established by Labor to help tackle climate change, is also calling for a fresh approach to reducing carbon emissions.
Chief commissioner Tim Flannery said there was no doubt anymore about what was happening to the globe, saying the report's findings were based on a peer review of the latest science.
"The planet's warming, that is incontrovertible," he told ABC Radio."All the data points that way, that humans are causing it, again that is incontrovertible."
Professor Flannery said anyone who doubted that was "doubting the basics of science".
"We are in the middle of an unintentional experiment at the moment, which is changing the way the world works ... we have to limit the damage."-SOURCE: AAP/PACNEWS.


49)Fiji's Coral Coast warned of more big waves


By Online Editor-00:01 am GMT+12, 21/05/2011, Fiji


Residents along the Coral Coast can expect more tidal-like waves to hit the coastline this evening as well as tomorrow morning.
Duty forecaster Raneil Prasad told FBC News the waves that hit the area this morning were a result of heavy swells caused by a high pressure system to the far south of Fiji.


He said while a high pressure normally brings fine weather, its southerly winds picked up waves that developed into high swells by the time it reached Fiji.


He added that high swells coupled with the high tide caused the waves to burst over land this morning and the same can be expected at high tide tonight.


"You can expect the waves to pass unimpeded and damage some coastline. You can expect water to pass over land at 9pm today. So, if you can just move to higher ground and secure your belongings."


Prasad says the heavy swells will start diminishing tomorrow.-SOURCE: FBC/PACNEWS


50)Time running out for climate action: report


AUDIO from Connect Asia

Climate Commissioner Prof Will Steffen speaks to Connect Asia


Created: Mon, 23 May 10:56:01 UTC+1000 2011


By environment reporter Sarah Clarke, wires


The Australian government's Climate Commission has that warned the window for limiting future and costly climate change is rapidly closing.

In its first report, The Critical Decade, the commission says evidence that the planet is warming is now even stronger.

It warns that global warming could cause global sea levels to rise up to one metre by the end of the century, higher than previously thought.

Chief commissioner Tim Flannery says humanity is almost surely the primary cause of global warming.

"There's agreement that there's a temperature increase, there's an agreement that it's human-caused," he said.

"We have exactly eight years and seven months to meet our target of minus 5 per cent, which is a very ambitious target."

To minimise the risk, the commission says Australia must decarbonise its economy and move to clean energy sources by 2050.

That means carbon emissions must peak in the next few years and then strongly decline.

And while the report acknowledges the science is advancing strongly, it notes there are still questions in the public arena.

"The public still seems to be confused about a few of those issues and I think that's partly due to uninformed opinion," Professor Flannery said.

"You get all sorts of people posing as having some expertise in climate science, whether they be taxi drivers speaking to me or people in the media who don't have the expertise.

"That is clouding the waters a little bit and slowing things down."

Climate scientist and commissioner Professor Will Steffen is concerned the science is being muddied in the media by many with no credentials.

"I don't think we have the luxury anymore of climate denialism. We need to get beyond this fruitless phoney debate in the media," he said.

Professor Steffen says the decisions made between now and 2020 will determine the level of severity of global warming.

"We've got to make some very important policy decisions," he said.

"We have to make some very important investment decisions this decade if we're to take advantage of this fleeting last opportunity to get this situation under control."

The national director of the Youth Climate Coalition, Ellen Sandell, says the report shows the critical need for action now.

"We really need to trust [people] who have decades of experience who are saying that it is caused by humans and we actually need to do something about it now," she said.

"Otherwise younger generations like my generation are not going to be able to have the same quality of life that our parents and grandparents have."


Fresh approach


The commission, established by the government to promote the case for tackling climate change, is calling for a fresh approach to reducing carbon emissions.

It says that rather than focusing on interim targets based on percentage cuts, governments should commit to emitting no more than an agreed carbon dioxide "budget" by 2050.

It says this budget approach would allow greater flexibility and encourage investment in the most effective technologies rather than quick-fix solutions.

The report has also taken a blowtorch to the Opposition's direct action policy.

Opposition Leader Tony Abbott's plan to reduce pollution is predominantly focused on storing carbon in soils and trees.

The commission says while returning carbon to land ecosystems can help restore degraded soils and improve the land's productivity, it does not equate to reducing fossil fuel emissions.

It says this is because because additional carbon is not permanently removed from the atmosphere-land-ocean cycle and could possibly lock in more severe climate change for the future.

The commission will release the 70-page Critical Decade report today.23/5/11 http://www.radioaustralianews.net.au/stories/201105/3223986.htm?desktop



EDUCATION:


51)Academic opposes change


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


MOVES to change the Higher Education Act are simply a way to have greater control over universities, Papua New Guinea University of Natural Resources and Environment vice-chancellor Phillip Siaguru says.
The Office of Higher Education ran advertisements announcing its intention to change the law but speaking during the launching of the PNG-Australia Alumni Association (PNG AAA) Ko­kopo chapter at the university last week, Siaguru said universities would lose their autonomy if the office had greater in­-fluence over them.
"The excuse they are using is that whenever there is a demonstration or student protest, the government is helpless and the universities cannot handle their domestic affairs, I tell you that is an excuse," he said
"Every year I receive calls from politicians, departmental heads because their child did not get a placing at the University of Papua New Guinea or University of Technology.
"We are going to compromise it totally because politicians will call up vice-chancellors and say take my child or your job is gone."
It is understood that vice-chancellors from all universities took out an advertisement in last Friday's newspapers, challenging the Act.
He urged the alumni to use their network to block this proposed amendment.


SPORTS:


52)Best 12


By Online Editor
5:45 pm GMT+12, 20/05/2011, Fiji



Matila (third from left)


Matila Waqanidrola and Seruwaia Vonolagi have been named to lead the national side in the Pacific Series and World Netball Championship.

Waqanidrola would be assisted by Vonolagi when the final 12 players for the tournaments were announced in Suva yesterday.

The Pacific Series will be held in Port Moresby on June 6-10 and the WNC in Singapore on July 4-9

Three players who will make their debut are Tailevu lass, Afa Rusivakula, Makelesi Mulevoro and Sawene, Navosa native Elenoa Vatureba.

National co-coaches Unaisi Rokoura and Gaberieli Qoro selected the side after analysing the girl's performance from three national trials, two international tours to Australia and NZ and several games they had with selected local teams.

"We the management and the coaches believe that this is the best 12 that we have. These players have put in the hard work and it is not our effort alone but theirs with their sacrifice that have got them this far."

Rokoura said they would continue with the training programme they have mapped out to take them through to the Pacific Series in PNG next month and the WNC in July.

"We have revised our training schedule upon our return from NZ where we trained three times a day."

Rokoura said the revised schedule included weights or fitness tests in the mornings, special sessions for shooters, defenders and midcourt players at midday and all this were later put together in the afternoons when they play as a team.

FNA president Wainikiti Bogidrau said the team was selected by the coaches but it had to be endorsed by the council. She confirmed it was procedure that they needed to follow to get the council's endorsement where a few queries were raised and justifications needed.

"In the end we all agreed to this and we also feel it was only right to get our affiliated members know our national team first before we make it public."

Team: Shooters: Seruwaia Vonolagi, Maria Lutua, Elenoa Vatureba, Afa Rusivakula; Mid court:Vaiti Waqatabu, Simone Nalatu, Alesi Waqa, Teimumu Moce; Defence: Mere Rabuka, Matila Waqanidrola, Makelesi Mulevoro, Luse Kotobalavu.

Non travelling reserves: Jacinta Lal, Bernadette Daurewa.-SOURCE: FIJI SUN


lympic beach volleyball dream still alive for Vanuatu and Fiji


Posted at 23:37 on 22 May, 2011 UTC


Vanuatu's mens and womens teams have made it through to the next round of qualifying for the London Olympic's beach volleyball competition.


Playing in front of a home crowd in Port Vila, Vanuatu won gold in both the mens and womens sections of the second Asian sub-zonal tournament, which also featured Fiji and the Solomon Islands.


Fiji's mens and womens teams also progressed to the next stage by finishing second.


The third and final sub-zonal event begins in Samoa on Tuesday with the top six qualifiers overall from Oceania to battle it out early next year for three postitions in the Asian Continental Cup Final.The winner of that tournament will qualify for the London Games.Radio New Zealand International


54)Fiji lose in London sevens final, Samoa win plate


Posted at 23:37 on 22 May, 2011 UTC


Fiji's let an early lead slip as South Africa roared home to win the London Sevens this morning.


Fiji had led 14-0 midway through the first half before South Africa ran in 24 unanswered points to clinch their second title of the season.


Earlier Samoa beat Australia 22-12 in the Plate final and their head coach Stephen Betham says he was pleased with how his young debutants handled themselves.


"I think they played well. Still have a few nerves to settle and we have a few things to work through but I think the more games they play together the better they'll get."


Despite being knokced out in the cup semi finals by Fiji, New Zealand sealed their first World Series title in three years.


The series now heads to Scotland for the final leg next weekend.Radio New Zealand International


5)Wisil and co in Asian Grand Prix


Source:


The National, Monday, May 23, 2011


SEVEN PNG athletes are in China this week for the 2011 Asian Grand Prix series which will be held at three different venues close to Shanghai.
Toea Wisil and Nelson Stone have been invited by the Asian Athletics Association to compete in the 100m and 400m events respectively following their outstanding performances in last year's grand pix.
Both will again be hoping to feature in the prize money which is US$1500 for the winner of each round, US$800 for second place and US$500 for third.
Salome Dell declined the invitation this year for personal reasons.
The Asian Athletics Association also invited the PNG men's 4x100m relay team to the event which presents a great opportunity for the relay team to practice ahead of the Pacific Games later this year.
The team is Ruwan Gunasinghe, Reginald Worealevi, Joe Matmat and John Rivan.
The competition began yesterday in Jiaxing.
Round two is on Wednesday in Kunshan with the final round in Wujiang on Saturday.


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