Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Fiji: Suva Sin City Perhaps or Is it an Economic Spin?

Snoqualmie Tribe considering $260 million Fiji casino partnership


Snoqualmie Valley Record Staff Reporter

December 27, 2011 · 12:15 PM

For $1 million and some sharing of its expertise, the Snoqualmie Tribe could take part-ownership of a $290 million luxury resort and casino operation in Fiji.

The offer, from developer Larry Claunch's One Hundred Sands corporation, proposes a partnership with the tribe in developing a resort and casino on Denarau Island, on the west coast of Fiji, in early 2012, and possibly a second casino at Suva, on the southeast coast, to be built later.

It's an intriguing proposal, said Tribal Administrator Matt Mattson, for three reasons. One is that Claunch was recently awarded the country's first and only gambling license, giving him exclusive ownership of all gambling activities at the tourist destination.

"That steady stream of tourists presents a healthy market," Mattson said.

Also, "The tribe thinks it would be an excellent opportunity to assist and mentor another indigenous culture… as they get into operating a gaming facility in their country."

Finally, the timing was opportune. In July, Mattson said the tribal council had just finalized eight priorities for the coming year, and economic development through diversification was high on the list. Within a few months, Donald Sampson, executive director of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation in Oregon, met with the Snoqualmie council to suggest the partnership with One Hundred Sands as an investment opportunity.

Having nurtured the Snoqualmie Casino through three years of economic recession since its opening in November, 2008, the tribe has valuable experience and expertise to share. The casino was not only the cheapest and biggest startup venture in tribal casinos in Washington, he said, but it also has never lost money.

"The tribe has never not paid its bills," Mattson said. Revenue from the casino has still not met the initial projections from the 2006 plans, and the tribe, banking on higher returns, was forced to eliminate its police force, and cut staff salaries by 20 percent, among other budget cuts in 2008 and 2009. However, by 2010, the casino had experienced 40 percent growth, and was taking market share from its competitors while overall gaming activity in the Puget Sound area has decreased. Further, it plans to start making per capita distributions of tribal profits to its membership in the coming year.

That experience alone could be extremely valuable to the Fiji casino, Mattson said. The tribe has also been asked for a $1 million investment, which he says "is very real money, but the risk-reward ratio seems reasonable.".......

Read more

Learn about the Snoqualmie Tribe at

Contact Snoqualmie Valley Record Staff Reporter Carol Ladwig at

Monday, December 19, 2011

Fiji Refuses Entry to International Union Delegation



Fiji Refuses Entry to International Union Delegation

Brussels, 13 December 2011 (ITUC OnLine): The refusal by the Fiji authorities to allow an Australian and New Zealand trade union delegation to enter the country today shows that the country is "sliding deeper into dictatorship", according to ITUC General Secretary Sharan Burrow.

"The Fiji regime has maintained that it is open to outside scrutiny, but this denial of entry tells the opposite story.  Try as the military authorities might, the spotlight will continue to shine on their violations of workers' rights and other basic freedoms.  Todays' events will only increase pressure on the regime," said Burrow.

The delegation, led by ACTU Australia President Ged Kearney, was refused permission to enter the country on arrival at Nadi airport and deported without any access to consular assistance.  Delegation members' mobile phones were confiscated until their departure.  The New Zealand and Australian unions had planned to meet Prime Minister Bainimarama to seek a fresh dialogue on human and labour rights in Fiji, and had also planned to meet Fiji trade union counterparts, church leaders, and other civil society and business representatives.

The ITUC represents 175 million workers in 153 countries and territories and has 308 national affiliates.

 Director: Bauu Institute and Press

Saturday, December 10, 2011

Call for Silence in the Pacific


The Pacific has been the scene of much important thinking. Recent Pacific publications present ideas that are not only relevant to Pacific societies, but have important implications for the other cultures around it. One of these is a project to recover the meaning of silence.

As Unaisi Nabobo-Baba argues in her book *Knowing and Learning: An indigenous Fijian approach *(Suva: IPS Publications, 2006), the silent child in a Western classroom is seen as a problem. By contrast in many traditional Pacific communities, silence is seen as a culturally appropriate mode of behaviour. Nabobo-Baba goes further and develops a taxonomy of silence, which includes 18 different ways of being quiet, including ?silence and the elements? and ?silence when in awe of custom?

(see here<>for
an extract of her book).

The cultural meaning of silence poses some challenging questions:

   - What is the positive expression of silence?
   - How can silence be reconciled with modern democracy?
   - What is the role of silence in modern Western countries like
   - How can silence speak?
   - What is the constructive role of silence in the classroom?
   - What are the creative dimensions of silence?

Would you be interested in being part of a further discussion about this issue? If you would like to be involved in the development of a colloquium on silence, you are invited to send in your details. This includes:

   - Name
   - Role
   - Area of interest
   - What you would like to contribute to this development

Contributions can include research, a specific perspective, a performance, a venue or a program context. Please send an email to Responses are due 21 January 2012. We will then follow up your interest and keep you in the loop about events where silence will be heard over the next two years.

Unaisi Nabobo-Baba, University of Guam Kevin Murray, Southern Perspectives

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Relook: "How Frank Bainimarama's regime screwed up Fiji's Mahogany.." [Raw Fiji]

Bula all,
We have decided to reblog Raw Fiji's brief on this article as we believe it is important to note what has transpired over time since this 2006 coup by Bainimarama.
Many readers have often commented on spelling mistakes and structure of blogs. On this note, we again emphasise that many of the writings are done under the scrutiny of the Fiji military regime under Bainimarama. This together with his group of supporters in Fiji and overseas do all possible to either hack or block bloggers like us that are vocal about the happenings in Fiji.
Our reason for opposing this regime is clear. We do not condone the ongoing Human Rights Abuse.
We do not condone the ongoing extension of Public Emergency Regulation under which this Fiji regime is able to run its governance.  The list goes one to Indigenous People of Fiji being marginalised at the outset of the 2006 coup.
 For instance, most of the beatings and those that lost their lives were Indigenous Fijians. Why?? We want answers!!
Please bear with us if the speelings or the structure of these blogs do not make sense to you. For some like us it does make alot of sense.
Luvei Viti Think Tank Forum.
Sent to you by fijian via Google Reader:
via Raw Fiji News by rawfijinews on 11/23/11
By real jack well the mahogany thing is not getting us that rate of return. its supposedly a billion dollar asset – but we are reading about mahogany trees being left to rot in the field and that sort of thing.
back in the 50′s/60′s when they planted those trees, those guys kept records of the varius plots – the point of keeping those records was because as the tree's grew you would be able quantify the yield by plot - and the forestry guys would be able to have the forest Rangers assess any variations on the ground (i.e account for new sprouting or damaged trees from weather variations etc etc etc) and they would be able to keep a database on those plots
those Rangers would have been checking the plots on a monthly basis and keeping records – we should have had records going back to when those trees were first planted.
and coming into the early 90′s we should have started tranferring all that information onto a digital interface connected into the broader digital land information system which Kamikamica and the late Tui Nayau were setting up
we would then be in a position to know EXACTLY HOW MUCH OF A YIELD WE HAD and EXACTLY HOW MUCH THEY WERE VALUED AT.
the quality of the trees would be known – and the value of each plot would be known based on the exact number of trees standing in each plot.
and the policy guys in Govt should have known what to do with the plantations – either we parcel them off into small lots and auction them internationally based on the yield value per plot and then sign up concession agreements for the guys who bought in OR go the Fiji Hardwood way which they went.
but either way we needed to know exactly what was in the field.
but we didn't.
there was no Transparency in what was going on and as a result we have squandered that so called billion dollar asset.
how much development have the people of Vugalei seen from those mahogany forests ? they have (or had) an estimated $50 million dollar forest standing in their lands over there - and how much of that $50 million have they actually seen ?
the Govt guys went and did things based on royalty – so guys come along and pick and choose which trees they want – and leave the rest of the trees they have chopped down to rot in the field – and so the full value of that plot is not realised – apart from the damage caused.
in other places in the world eg Germany they sell lots – guys have to auction for forest lots at market rates. they then purchase the concession to harvest those lots – and they go ahead and harvest for a limited concession period – the value of the concession is based on the value of the standing timber within the PLOT – and they are able to do that because they have a GIS and LIS system which is a database tied into that land information structures – they realise full value on their forests.
here we give concessions for a licence which is nowhere near the actual standing value of the trees – and then we hope that those guys go in a cut down trees and pay us royalties – but those guys go in and pick and choose – and the net result is we don't get full value on the yield per plot, bcause they only pay royalty on what they cut down and bring out
in one plot they take 25 trees and leave 50 trees to rot – and then in another they take 35 trees and leave 65 to rot – and so on and so forth.
and what do we get ? we get royalties for the 25 trees they cut in plot 1 and 35 trees they cut in plot 2 – and the remaining 115 trees are left rotting in the field.
so what was the point of our having planted all those 115 trees and nurtured that plantation ?
we end up with royalties return which don't reflect the actual value per plot in a 100 tree plot – we value each tree at $80,000 a tree – so we have a plot of 8000000 (eight million) dollars in value
the guy comes in and cuts out 65 trees – pays us 17.5% royalty on how much he has purchased it for from Fiji Hardwood (which is definitely not 8 million) and takes off – leaving the 35 trees rotting in the field that plot valued at 8 million dollars we have just flogged off for $900,000 to Fiji Hardwood for 65 trees plus 17.5% royalty to Forestry - 2 million or thereabouts give or take the damage done to the plot is complete – we can't use the remaining trees left to rot for anything other than secondary value the guys walks away with what he wants by picking and choosing. leaves the whole plot scavanged. what gives ? we give. hand over fist. and thats whats happening now. we are losing money lots of money.
that billion dollar mahogany asset is a myth – nowhere near it. we haven't retained any of its value – let alone structured deals to ensure that we recovered the full value of the plantation. we are making all these deals and having photo shoots – but the family silver is being flogged off for way below value whilst our economy descends into debt and sub par growth Things you can do from here:
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Monday, November 21, 2011

Ro Temumu Kepa: [A Paramount Fijian Chief] has human integrity and high moral values Fiji need today

Ro Temumu Kepa has human integrity and high moral values Fiji need today

via Raw Fiji News by rawfijinews on 11/18/11

By Wame Toloi

In any society, integrity plays an important part in all aspects of human development – business, economic, intellectual, political and artistic. A society thrives and impacts lives when those living in it understand its full implications. Through interaction with others, integrity has the power to shape not only the lives and destinies of people living in it, but also the lives and destinies of their fellowmen.

As society comprises of people coming from different walks of life, Ro Teimumu Kepa's integrity can considerably impact the entire Rewans or Vanua of Burebasaga or even Fijians all over. Under no circumstances can we underestimate the importance of human integrity and high moral fiber as shown by the Marama Bale Na Roko Tui Dreketi in her speech. She has gained my respect a thousandfold and makes me want to become a Kai Rewa.

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Saturday, November 12, 2011

Extractive industries & Human Development in the Pacific: Why is it that Fijian Indigenous Voice or Concerns are Missing from this Discussion??

Bula all,

Thanks P. for heads up on the article below. It is obvious that there are people in Fiji and in the Pacific that really wants to blur that line when it comes to Indigenous Issues whether its to do woth Fijians in Fiji or other Indigen population within the Pacific rim.

Is it utter arraogance on some part or some elements within our Fiji society as well as those in the Pacific Islands? Your guess is as good as ours.

The articles below is adequate to show how some wannabes or academias or those that have knowledge of sort trying to spearhead their way through minus the important contribution by the Indigenous people. Call it waht you may but as for us monitoring: this is indeed the height of arrogance.

Read and make up your own minds.
Luvei Viti Think Tank forum.
Date: Tue, 8 Nov 2011 16:45:50 -0700
Subject: FW: [pse-dec] DISCUSSION: Extractive industries and human
development in the Pacific. Reply by 24 November 2011

This might be of interest. You can contribute to the "conversation" (which I am not familiar how it works) by sending in comments to

They seem to not be including any indigenous voices or concerns in the conversation.



From: Gisa Fuatai Purcell []
Sent: Monday, November 07, 2011 11:00 PM
Subject: Re: [pse-dec] DISCUSSION: Extractive industries and human
development in the Pacific. Reply by 24 November 2011

Moderator's Note: Please see below for a contribution from Gisa Fuatai Purcell, asking how Pacific Island Countries can effectively manage extractive industry revenues to best work in the interests of human development and reducing aid dependency. Please keep your comments coming in. The discussion closes on 24 November 2011.

The effective management of extractive industries will contribute to improving human development but to contribute to ending aid dependency in the Pacific the answer may be to look at issues that need to be addressed and legislation that may need to be introduced before we can evaluate if the extractive industries can contribute to ending aid dependency:

1. It depends on the government of the day and legislation that it puts in place to ensure a large percentage of the income from extractive industry can be invested wisely and/or how the income can be distributed to local development.
2. While there will be many people that will have jobs, usually international organizations working these industries will not be allowed to pay more than the minimum wage.
3. Unless there is a strategy to select at least one person from each family to work in these industries, the income might not be evenly distributed to the local people thereby contributing to the economy of the country.
4. There are smaller countries with limited land where large buildings could be built to process whatever the extractive industries would be e.g. Kiribati, Tuvalu, Tokelau, Niue etc. unless of course they can be built on the sea.
5. Unless there is land reform, land leases could take years to come to
In agreement because traditional land makes up 80% of most Pacific
countries. While there may be chiefs that will agree there are many branches
in each family title entitled to traditional land - even people living
overseas have a right to the said piece of traditional land. Government land
of course can be used but most countries do not have much state land
6. There are only 3 countries in the Pacific who currently earn from extractive industries - PNG, Fiji and Solomon Islands, may be Vanuatu.

If each country considers the above and develops a good and robust macro-economic policy, then there is hope that extractive industries can contribute a great deal to ending aid dependency!

On the other hand, aid dependency might continue because sometimes, when international organizations don't spend their allocation for a certain period, then they go to the countries and wave the greenback extracting 75% of the aid money out of the countries through consulting. Also, when there are experts in the countries, some organizations have the attitude that
expatriates are the best when the local experts know their country well and know how the system works and the impact of each action when local traditions, culture and values are not respected.

To ensure extractive industries work, both external and local experts need to work together and be given equal compensation rather than continuing the international expert rate at a much higher per centage than the local expert. If at the end of the day, only a small percentage of the income stays in the Pacific, how can Pacific countries become independent from aid

My two pennies worth!

Mrs. Gisa Fuatai Purcell

International Telecommunication Union

Suva, Fiji

Moderator's Note: Dear members, could the effective management of extractive industries contribute to improving human development as well as overcoming aid dependency in the Pacific? Let us know by replying to this email by 24
November 2011.

The exploitation of natural resources like oil, gas and minerals has had booms and busts in the Pacific with little apparent impact for human development. As public attention turns towards expanded use of the Pacific's Resource endowment, including seabed mining, how might extractive industries contribute to sustainable development and poverty reduction in the region?

For governments, these industries present the opportunity to diversify economies, increase domestic resource mobilization and improve the lives of citizens. But, natural resource wealth, if not managed properly, can be also associated with the "resource curse" of economic decline, political instability, exploding inequalities and domestic conflict.

The United Nations Development Programme's Human Development Report 2011:
Sustainability and Equity: A Better Future for All, stresses that "human development, which is about expanding people's choices, builds on shared natural resources." Just last month, an international conference on Avoiding the Resource Curse: Managing Extractive Industries for Human Development in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia ( <>, examined relevant experiences from various countries.

As conference attendees from the Pacific return to the region, we would like to ask members of the Pacific Solution Exchange if you can share with us examples of how extractive industries have enhanced - or undermined - human development in the Pacific?

Could you:

. Share specific policy and institutional measures that have worked to promote the transparent and sustainable management of extractive industries? What factors have been central to these successes? What has not worked?

. Provide us with examples of policies or agreements with investors that have improved - or worsened - the wellbeing of local communities?

. Could there be an inclusive and transparent "Pacific way" of building partnerships between governments, industry players, non-state actors and local communities to enable sustainable mining towards better human development outcomes? Do let us know.

Warm regards,

Facilitation Team, Pacific Solution Exchange

Suva, Fiji


Tuesday, November 1, 2011

Fiji Union Leader Arrested After Commonwealth Meeting - ITUC OnLine



Fiji Union Leader Arrested After Commonwealth Meeting

Brussels, 31 October 2011 (ITUC OnLine):

The ITUC strongly condemns the arrest and detention, without charge, of Daniel Urai, President of the Fiji Trade Union Council. Mr. Urai was arrested at the airport upon his return from the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting in Perth, Australia, where he spoke out against human and trade union rights abuses perpetrated by the Fijian government. Both Mr. Urai and Dinesh Goundar, a labour organizer, also must appear at hearing on October 31 on charges stemming from a previous arrest.

The two were charged under state security law simply for having held a union meeting to prepare members for collective bargaining. Since their initial arrest, other union meetings have been broken up by police, and even social meetings of trade unionists have led to hours-long interrogations by police.

The ITUC is also concerned that trade unions will shortly be forced to re-register under onerous new rules and collective bargaining agreements will be abrogated under the recently passed Essential Industries Decree. These measures strike a severe blow to workers' rights in many economic sectors in Fiji and violate international labour law. There is little doubt that the re-registration process will be used to attempt to depose current trade union leaders and weaken the capacity of unions to represent their members.

The ITUC deplores the ongoing harassment of trade unionists Fiji and calls upon the authorities to release Mr. Urai immediately and to drop all charges against him and Mr. Goundar. The international community must press the regime to come into compliance with fundamental human and trade union rights and, if it does not, implement political and economic measures to bring about much-needed reforms.

Source: Indigenous People's Issues

Monday, October 31, 2011

Sustainable Development

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Saturday, September 17, 2011

Fwd: Top NZ lawyer criticises Fiji's suppression

Sent to you by fijian-kiwigal via Google Reader:

Top NZ lawyer criticises Fiji's suppression

via discombobulated bubu by discombobulated on 14/09/11


Law Society president Jonathan Temm

STAY AWAY: Law Society president Jonathan Temm has warned New Zealanders to seriously consider whether they ever visit Fiji under its current regime.

Fiji is a totalitarian regime and New Zealanders need to seriously consider whether they go there, Law Society president Jonathan Temm says.

"People need to know that when they travel to Fiji it is not about sun and sand," he said in an interview.

"There is an overt current which says you are not going to get the same rights and privileges that you thought you might; this country is under military rule."

His comment came as the United Nation's International Labour Organisation (ILO) condemned an anti-trade union military decree imposed Monday on 11 companies including Air Pacific and trading banks.

The Law Society says it is concerned at Fiji's direction.

"This is not a steady progression back to democracy; this is the entrenching of a small cabal of unelected people who are really operating now in complete totalitarianism," Temm said.

The Rotorua barrister said four foreigners, including two New Zealanders, had recently died in unexplained circumstances in Fiji's tourist belt.

"There is a certain degree of lawlessness in Fiji….

"There is no transparency about what happens around these things. There is secrecy by the Fiji regime, the regime tries to keep these suppressed."

New Zealanders need to know rights and freedoms are severely restricted. This includes things like being able to attend a Methodist Church on any day other than Sunday.

"What the regime has done is that the have crushed out the media, then they have crushed out the legal profession, then they did the church and you know they have done it in education, because they have kicked out professors of the University of the South Pacific."

The Fiji Law Society had been closed, its offices destroyed in an arson attack and the regime now controlled all lawyers.
New Zealanders had no rights in Fiji.

"If you behave in the way you do at home, you'll find yourself down at the Queen Elizabeth Barracks in the same way as others ... and it is not pleasant," Temm said.

Fiji has been under military rule since Voreqe Bainimarama staged a democracy ending coup in 2006.

On Monday, the regime's Attorney-General Aiyaz Sayed-Khaiyum pushed through Essential Industries (Employment) Decree which
ILO director general Juan Somavia described as a denial of fundamental rights.

"By going ahead with this decree the government has demonstrated the same lack of concern for the views of the international community as it has for the rights and aspirations of its own people," Somavia said.

"It was essential Fiji change course now. That means reversing this and other restrictive labour decrees, a return to dialogue with trade unions and employers, an end to assaults on and harassment of trade unionists, and the immediate restoration of basic civil liberties."

The ILO last month sent a mission to Fiji warning the decree had "negative implications" for Fiji's international obligations under ratified ILO Conventions.

The (illegal) decree ends union rights for employees of :

Air Pacific


Bank of Baroda

Bank South Pacific

Westpac and,

Fiji Revenue and Customs Authority

Fiji International Telecommunications Ltd

Telecom Fiji Ltd

Fiji Broadcasting Corporation

Fiji Electricity Authority and,

Water Authority of Fiji

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Monday, September 5, 2011

Why is Fiji's Dictator Voreqe Bainimarama trying to Use Indigenous Issues as His Platform??

Indigenous Peoples Issues

FYI… Do you know anything about this?

Special Leaders' Summit Communique

Press Release – Melanesian Spearhead Group

1. The Chairman of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG), in consultation with other MSG Leaders, agreed to convene a Special Meeting of the MSG Leaders at the Tanoa International Hotel, Nadi, Fiji on 02 September 2011. 2. The Special Meeting was …SPECIAL LEADERS' SUMMIT
Tanoa International Hotel
Nadi, Fiji

02 September 2011

Read more;

Special Leaders' Summit Communique

Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Planned Fiji Protest March - 02 September 2011 in Wellington

Vinaka vakalevu sara Mike na vakasavu itukutku ena me
baleta na maji ena Varaubuka qo.

Invitation to Fiji Protest 2nd September

You are invited to join a protest by unions and Amnesty International on
2nd September. Please come and join us.

When: 12.30 to 1.30 pm on Friday, 2nd September, 2011

Where: High Commission of the Republic of the Fiji Islands
31 Pipitea Street, Thorndon, Wellington

Speaker: Helen Kelly, President, NZCTU

For more details contact Georgie on


Peter Conway
New Zealand Council of Trade Unions - Te Kauae Kaimahi
P O Box 6645
+64 4 8023816
mobile 0274 939 748

Mr Sai Lealea
Interim President - Wellington Fiji Democracy & Freedom Movement
A: 5 Rahui Street Strathmore Wellington 6022 NEW ZEALAND
Mob: +64 27 2490 472 E:

Fiji's Dictator and Followers irrational, unbalanced and voilent

Sent to you by fijian-kiwigal via Google Reader:

Fiji's Dictator and Followers irrational, unbalanced and voilent

via discombobulated bubu by discombobulated on 27/08/11

US cables show Bainimarama beat opponents

27 Aug, 2011 12:00 AM

FIJI'S military strongman Commodore Frank Bainimarama is irrational, unbalanced and violent, and directly took part in the human rights abuses that followed his December 2006 coup, according to leaked United States diplomatic reports.

Secret US embassy cables leaked to WikiLeaks, and provided exclusively to Fairfax, allege beatings and intimidation of the military regime's suspected opponents took place with the full knowledge of senior Fijian military commanders and included the direct participation of Commodore Bainimarama, now Fiji's interim prime minister.

One embassy report records witness testimony that Commodore Bainimarama joined in an assault on a senior public servant detained at the Fijian military's headquarters in December 2006, when the commodore ''kicked [the man's] legs out from under him and beat him around the head, telling him, 'Don't f--- with the military'.''

Although Commodore Bainimarama publicly deplored violence by Fijian soldiers following his coup and said he would ensure any excesses ceased, the US embassy reported to Washington he told European Union diplomats that if anyone insulted the Fijian military ''of course we must have them taken to the barracks and have them beaten up''.

The leaked US cables record that both before and after Commodore Bainimarama overthrew prime minister Laisenia Qarase's democratically elected government, American diplomats found the Fijian military chief ''erratic'', ''irrational'' and ''wildly excessive'' in his reactions to criticism.

In one cable sent to Washington shortly before the December 2006 coup, US ambassador Larry Dinger observed that ''a psychiatrist would have a field day with Bainimarama''.

In other reports, the commodore's propensity for ''sabre-rattling'' and threats of violence, including against foreign diplomats, caused the US embassy in Suva to ''wonder more than ever about the rationality of [Bainimarama's] judgment''.

The leaked US diplomatic cables contain numerous reports of human rights abuses following the military takeover, including the arbitrary detention of human rights activists, senior police and civil servants, trade unionists, lawyers and journalists.

Pictured above : Fiji Regime's current mouthpiece by the name of Mosese Tikoitonga threatening innocent Fijians with military paranoia. For non-Fijian speakers, the graffiti on the wall behind him tells us that the man is a great pretender, boasting to be champion of the people, but when he is really challenged it will be obvious to all that his rhetoric is weak & without substance, and he will be backing off as he is on weak moral and ethical ground.

Human rights abuses documented in the cables include beatings, torture and death threats ''with a pistol to the head''.

One senior police officer detained by the military at Suva's Queen Victoria Barracks described how he saw ''several ambulances depart the camp transporting people beaten by military interrogators''.

Other cases reported by the US embassy included deaths in military custody with one victim's body - ''marked by visible bruises'' - dumped by soldiers at a police station. In another case a group of villagers, including a senior police officer, was ''subjected ... to beatings over a three-hour period''.

The US embassy reports also document cases of rape and sexual assault by Fijian military personnel, including at least one instance of a group of detainees forced to engage in group sexual acts. In another case a prominent female human rights activist was ''felt up'' by a senior military officer and was ''warned she would receive worse treatment unless she stopped her activities''.

In discussing the interim prime minister's motivations, US diplomats highlighted underlying insecurity in Commodore Bainimarama's personality.

The US embassy reports quote a former senior Fijian military officer and close colleague of Commodore Bainimarama, together with then chief of the Fiji Police former Australian Federal Police officer Andrew Hughes, as suggesting Commodore Bainimarama suffered from post-traumatic stress arising from the Fijian army mutiny of November 2000.

Although the US embassy in Suva has reported that Commodore Bainimarama has been ''feeling the strain of governing a country that doesn't salute like an army,'' the leaked cables leave little doubt about the Fijian military's determination to only relinquish power on its terms and to never allow its democratic opponents to regain power.

New elections, originally promised by Commodore Bainimarama within two years of the December 2006 coup, are now nominally scheduled for September 2014.

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Monday, August 22, 2011

EU remains silent on lapsed 6-month sanction extension from Sept 2010

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EU remains silent on lapsed 6-month sanction extension from Sept 2010

via Intelligentsiya by Keep The Faith on 17/08/11

The European Union, once a staunch supporter of Fiji's return to civilian democracy that even went out of its to with-hold valuable aid in a carrot and stick approach, now appears to be softening their position after the 6-month sanction triggered in September 2010 has lapsed without so much as a feeble whimper -- a total about-turn to previous statements of compelling demands.

The EU however takes our fish (and possibly ginger most recently in Fiji) through selective trade agreements with resource rich Papua New Guinea and Fiji, and signals a feeble reversal of the EU's policy even as their "South Pacific" presence continues to raise the ire of EU taxpayers.

The EU is also believed to be funding the spanking new NGO of the illegal and treasonous Nazhat Shameem, that props up the regime by way of "training".

Questions must be asked of the EU's hypocritical pussy-footing on values such as the rule of law and democracy that the EU claims to be a major beacon of.

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Another Son of Fiji and the Pacific takes a hit for Fiji's Freedom

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Another Son of Fiji and the Pacific takes a hit for Fiji's Freedom

via Intelligentsiya by Keep The Faith on 18/08/11

Fellow blog C4.5 has broken very disheartening news that Professor Wadan Narsey, an upstanding and unwavering advocate for Fiji's Freedom drawing on the illegal and treasonous military regime's flawed and inept economic policies as evidence, has most probably been unjustly culled from his position at the University of the South Pacific (USP) by the regime via a key coup stooge, the Vice Chancellor Rajesh Chandra.

Prof Rajesh Chandra has more or less paved the way for more his friends within USP Labour mafia circles such as Dr Ganesh Chand to set up a rival university in this country and has had an extremely jumpy academic career running back and forth between institutions of higher education in what can only be explained as an ambitious need to stay on top.

Intelligentsiya knew way back in February 2009, that the regime would use the regionally owned institution, the University of the South Pacific, as a whipping boy for regional retaliation.

This time around however Prof Chandra and Khaiyum have grossly misread the extent of their "powers".

For starters, Prof Narsey's extensive teaching career has tutored and earned him the respect of hordes of Pacific Islanders in positions of power today in their various home countries and even all over the globe.

But more importantly once word on Prof Narsey's injustice becomes validated, the University of the South Pacific's (which is a CROP Agency of the Pacific and owned by 12 independent and sovereign Pacific Island Countries and boasts a governing charter that is royally endorsed), University Council comprising high-level regional member countries might need to assess whether a breach of the USP Council's code of conduct and its statutes has occurred.

Equally compelling is the possibility that "academic freedom" within the region's so-called premier institution that had bred next generations of Pacific leaders, could be escalated upwards for the highest level of Pacific political power who meet in New Zealand next month, to deal with. They are already are very aware of how bad our situation remains, 5 years on.

Speaking of New Zealand, the Fiji team is still trying their luck to get a military officer into Aoetearoa for the rugby world cup. As the Fiji team officials are either deaf, blind or stupid, they might like to get the hint via Gandalf.

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Saturday, August 20, 2011

The Spirit of Revolt, 1880

Sent to you by fijian-kiwigal via Google Reader:

via Intelligentsiya by Keep The Faith on 18/08/11

Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921)

There are periods in the life of human society when revolution becomes an imperative necessity, when it proclaims itself as inevitable. New ideas germinate everywhere, seeking to force their way into the light, to find an application in life; everywhere they are opposed by the inertia of those whose interest it is to maintain the old order; they suffocate in the stifling atmosphere of prejudice and traditions. The accepted ideas of the constitution of the State, of the laws of social equilibrium, of the political and economic interrelations of citizens, can hold out no longer against the implacable criticism which is daily undermining them whenever occasion arises,--in drawing room as in cabaret, in the writings of philosophers as in daily conversation. Political, economic, and social institutions are crumbling; the social structure, having become uninhabitable, is hindering, even preventing the development of the seeds which are being propagated within its damaged walls and being brought forth around them.

The need for a new life becomes apparent. The code of established morality, that which governs the greater number of people in their daily life, no longer seems sufficient. What formerly seemed just is now felt to be a crying injustice. The morality of yesterday is today recognized as revolting immorality. The conflict between new ideas and old traditions flames up in every class of society, in every possible environment, in the very bosom of the family. The son struggles against his father, he finds revolting what his father has all his life found natural; the daughter rebels against the principles which her mother has handed down to her as the result of long experience. Daily, the popular conscience rises up against the scandals which breed amidst the privileged and the leisured, against the crimes committed in the name of the law of the stronger, or in order to maintain these privileges. Those who long for the triumph of justice, those who would put new ideas into practice, are soon forced to recognize that the realization of their generous, humanitarian and regenerating ideas cannot take place in a society thus constituted; they perceive the necessity of a revolutionary whirlwind which will sweep away all this rottenness, revive sluggish hearts with its breath, and bring to mankind that spirit of devotion, self-denial, and heroism, without which society sinks through degradation and vileness into complete disintegration.

In periods of frenzied haste toward wealth, of feverish speculation and of crisis, of the sudden downfall of great industries and the ephemeral expansion of other branches of production, of scandalous fortunes amassed in a few years and dissipated as quickly, it becomes evident that the economic institutions which control production and exchange are far from giving to society the prosperity which they are supposed to guarantee; they produce precisely the opposite result. Instead of order they bring forth chaos; instead of prosperity, poverty and insecurity; instead of reconciled interests, war; a perpetual war of the exploiter against the worker, of exploiters and of workers among themselves. Human society is seen to be splitting more and more into two hostile camps, and at the same time to be subdividing into thousands of small groups waging merciless war against each other. Weary of these wars, weary of the miseries which they cause, society rushes to seek a new organization; it clamors loudly for a complete remodeling of the system of property ownership, of production, of exchange and all economic relations which spring from it.

The machinery of government, entrusted with the maintenance of the existing order, continues to function, but at every turn of its deteriorated gears it slips and stops. Its working becomes more and more difficult, and the dissatisfaction caused by its defects grows continuously. Every day gives rise to a new demand. "Reform this," "reform that," is heard from all sides. "War, finance, taxes, courts. police, everything must be remodeled, reorganized, established on a new basis," say the reformers. And vet all know that it is impossible to make things over, to remodel anything at all because everything is interrelated; everything would have to be remade at once; and how can society be remodeled when it is divided into two openly hostile camps? To satisfy the discontented would be only to create new malcontents.

Incapable of undertaking reforms, since this would mean paving the way for revolution, and at the same time too impotent to be frankly reactionary, the governing bodies apply themselves to half measures which can satisfy nobody, and only cause new dissatisfaction. The mediocrities who, in such transition periods, undertake to steer the ship of State, think of but one thing: to enrich then.selves against the coming débâcle. Attacked from all sides they defend themselves awkwardly, they evade, they commit blunder upon blunder, and they soon succeed in cutting the last rope of salvation; they drown the prestige of the government in ridicule, caused by their own incapacity.

Such periods demand revolution. It becomes a social necessity; the situation itself is revolutionary.

When we study in the works of our greatest historians the genesis and development of vast revolutionary convulsions, we generally find under the heading, "The Cause of the Revolution," a gripping picture of the situation on the eve of events. The misery of the people, the general insecurity, the vexatious measures of the government, the odious scandals laying bare the immense vices of society, the new ideas struggling to come to the surface and repulsed by the incapacity of the supporters of the former régime,-- nothing is omitted. Examining this picture, one arrives at the conviction that the revolution was indeed inevitable, and that there was no other way out than by the road of insurrection.

Take, for example, the situation before 1789 as the historians picture it. You can almost hear the peasant complaining of the salt tax, of the tithe, of the feudal payments, and vowing in his heart an implacable hatred towards the feudal baron, the monk, the monopolist, the bailiff. You can almost see the citizen bewailing the loss of his municipal liberties, and showering maledictions upon the king. The people censure the queen; they are revolted by the reports of ministerial action, and they cry out continually that the taxes are intolerable and revenue payments exorbitant, that crops are bad and winters hard, that provisions are too dear and the monopolists too grasping, that the village lawyer devours the peasant's crops and the village constable tries to play the role of a petty king, that even the mail service is badly organized and the employees too lazy. In short, nothing works well, everybody complains. "It can last no longer, it will come to a bad end," they cry everywhere.

But, between this pacific arguing and insurrection or revolt, there is a wide abyss,--that abyss which, for the greatest part of humanity, lies between reasoning and action, thought and will,--the urge to act. How has this abyss been bridged? How is it that men who only yesterday were complaining quietly of their lot as they smoked their pipes, and the next moment were humbly saluting the local guard and gendarme whom they had just been abusing,--how is it that these same men a few days later were capable of seizing their scythes and their iron-shod pikes and attacking in his castle the lord who only yesterday was so formidable? By what miracle were these men, whose wives justly called them cowards, transformed in a day into heroes, marching through bullets and cannon balls to the conquest of their rights? How was it that words, so often spoken and lost in the air like the empty chiming of bells, were changed into actions?

The answer is easy.

Action, the continuous action, ceaselessly renewed, of minorities brings about this transformation. Courage, devotion, the spirit of sacrifice, are as contagious as cowardice, submission, and panic.

What forms will this action take? All forms,--indeed, the most varied forms, dictated by circumstances, temperament, and the means at disposal. Sometimes tragic, sometimes humorous, but always daring; sometimes collective, sometimes purely individual, this policy of action will neglect none of the means at hand, no event of public life, in order to keep the spirit alive, to propagate and find expression for dissatisfaction, to excite hatred against exploiters, to ridicule the government and expose its weakness, and above all and always, by actual example, to awaken courage and fan the spirit of revolt.

When a revolutionary situation arises in a country, before the spirit of revolt is sufficiently awakened in the masses to express itself in violent demonstrations in the streets or by rebellions and uprisings, it is through action that minorities succeed in awakening that feeling of independence and that spirit of audacity without which no revolution can come to a head.

Men of courage, not satisfied with words, but ever searching for the means to transform them into action,--men of integrity for whom the act is one with the idea, for whom prison, exile, and death are preferable to a life contrary to their principles,--intrepid souls who know that it is necessary to dare in order to succeed,-- these are the lonely sentinels who enter the battle long before the masses are sufficiently roused to raise openly the banner of insurrection and to march, arms in hand, to the conquest of their rights.

In the midst of discontent, talk, theoretical discussions, an individual or collective act of revolt supervenes, symbolizing the dominant aspirations. It is possible that at the beginning the masses will remain indifferent. It is possible that while admiring the courage of the individual or the group which takes the initiative, the masses will at first follow those who are prudent and cautious, who will immediately describe this act as "insanity" and say that "those madmen, those fanatics will endanger everything."

They have calculated so well, those prudent and cautious men, that their party, slowly pursuing its work would, in a hundred years, two hundred years, three hundred years perhaps, succeed in conquering the whole world,--and now the unexpected intrudes! The unexpected, of course, is whatever has not been expected by them,--those prudent and cautious ones! Whoever has a slight knowledge of history and a fairly clear head knows perfectly well from the beginning that theoretical propaganda for revolution will necessarily express itself in action long before the theoreticians have decided that the moment to act has come. Nevertheless, the cautious theoreticians are angry at these madmen, they excommunicate them, they anathematize them. But the madmen win sympathy, the mass of the people secretly applaud their courage, and they find imitators. In proportion as the pioneers go to fill the jails and the penal colonies, others continue their work; acts of illegal protest, of revolt, of vengeance, multiply.

Indifference from this point on is impossible. Those who at the beginning never so much as asked what the "madmen" wanted, are compelled to think about them, to discuss their ideas, to take sides for or against. By actions which compel general attention, the new idea seeps into people's minds and wins converts. One such act may, in a few days, make more propaganda than thousands of pamphlets.

Above all, it awakens the spirit of revolt: it breeds daring. The old order, supported by the police, the magistrates, the gendarmes and the soldiers, appeared unshakable, like the old fortress of the Bastille, which also appeared impregnable to the eyes of the unarmed people gathered beneath its high walls equipped with loaded cannon. But soon it became apparent that the established order has not the force one had supposed. One courageous act has sufficed to upset in a few days the entire governmental machinery, to make the colossus tremble; another revolt has stirred a whole province into turmoil, and the army, till now always so imposing, has retreated before a handful of peasants armed with sticks and stones. The people observe that the monster is not so terrible as they thought they begin dimly to perceive that a few energetic efforts will be sufficient to throw it down. Hope is born in their hearts, and let us remember that if exasperation often drives men to revolt, it is always hope, the hope of victory, which makes revolutions.

The government resists; it is savage in its repressions. But, though formerly persecution killed the energy of the oppressed, now, in periods of excitement, it produces the opposite result. It provokes new acts of revolt, individual and collective, it drives the rebels to heroism; and in rapid succession these acts spread, become general, develop. The revolutionary party is strengthened by elements which up to this time were hostile or indifferent to it. The general disintegration penetrates into the government, the ruling classes, the privileged; some of them advocate resistance to the limit; others are in favor of concessions; others, again, go so far as to declare themselves ready to renounce their privileges for the moment, in order to appease the spirit of revolt, hoping to dominate again later on. The unity of the government and the privileged class is broken.

The ruling classes may also try to find safety in savage reaction. But it is now too late; the battle only becomes more bitter, more terrible, and the revolution which is looming will only be more bloody. On the other hand, the smallest concession of the governing classes, since it comes too late, since it has been snatched in struggle, only awakes the revolutionary spirit still more. The common people, who formerly would have been satisfied with the smallest concession, observe now that the enemy is wavering; they foresee victory, they feel their courage growing, and the same men who were formerly crushed by misery and were content to sigh in secret, now lift their heads and march proudly to the conquest of a better future.

Finally the revolution breaks out, the more terrible as the preceding struggles were bitter.

The direction which the revolution will take depends, no doubt, upon the sum total of the various circumstances that determine the coming of the cataclysm. But it can be predicted in advance, according to the vigor of revolutionary action displayed in the preparatory period by the different progressive parties.

One party may have developed more clearly the theories which it defines and the program which it desires to realize; it may have made propaganda actively, by speech and in print. But it may not have sufficiently expressed its aspirations in the open, on the street, by actions which embody the thought it represents; it has done little, or it has done nothing against those who are its principal enemies; it has not attacked the institutions which it wants to demolish; its strength has been in theory, not in action; it has contributed little to awaken the spirit of revolt, or it has neglected to direct that spirit against conditions which it particularly desires to attack at the time of the revolution. As a result, this party is less known; its aspirations have not been daily and continuously affirmed by actions, the glamor of which could reach even the remotest hut; they have not sufficiently penetrated into the consciousness of the people; they have not identified themselves with the crowd and the street; they have never found simple expression in a popular slogan.

The most active writers of such a party are known by their readers as thinkers of great merit, but they have neither the reputation nor the capacities of men of action; and on the day when the mobs pour through the streets they will prefer to follow the advice of those who have less precise theoretical ideas and not such great aspirations, but whom they know better because they have seen them act.

The party which has made most revolutionary propaganda and which has shown most spirit and daring will be listened to on the day when it is necessary to act, to march in front in order to realize the revolution. But that party which has not had the daring to affirm itself by revolutionary acts in the preparatory periods nor had a driving force strong enough to inspire men and groups to the sentiment of abnegation, to the irresistible desire to put their ideas into practice,--(if this desire had existed it would have expressed itself in action long before the mass of the people had joined the revolt)--and which did not know how to make its flag popular and its aspirations tangible and comprehensive,--that party will have only a small chance of realizing even the least part of its program. It will be pushed aside by the parties of action.

These things we learn from the history of the periods which precede great revolutions. The revolutionary bourgeoisie understood this perfectly,--it neglected no means of agitation to awaken the spirit of revolt when it tried to demolish the monarchical order. The French peasant of the eighteenth century understood it instinctively when it was a question of abolishing feudal rights; and the International acted in accordance with the same principles when it tried to awaken the spirit of revolt among the workers of the cities and to direct it against the natural enemy of the wage earner--the monopolizer of the means of production and of raw materials.

Notes on translation and transcription
This article first appeared in Le Révolté in 1880. English translations appeared in Commonweal, 1892 and Kropotkin's Revolutionary Pamphlets, 1927. The postscript version was OCR'd by from The Essential Kropotkin, 1975 which was based on the aforementioned 1927 translation.

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Monday, August 8, 2011

Fowl Clown decrees crumbs for Fiji investments

Sent to you by fijian-kiwigal via Google Reader:

Fowl Clown decrees crumbs for Fiji investments

via discombobulated bubu by discombobulated on 7/08/11

Fiji's Clown prince and Bainirama's manic second banana, Airykum Saiarse, has been at it again chucking, plucking and shrieking decree, after edict, after proclamation, after commandment.

Enough yapping to make one feel quite nauseous.

First, he hung our FNPF Ma and Pa donor's out to suck air instructing the FNPF bureaucratic-birdbrains to blame the older fund contributors for depleting the fund, and ignoring the fact that the regime has been sucking on the Fund to the tune of 1.7 billion since the coup in 2006 !

This vulgar toady then set about banning the media from letting the public of Fiji know what was really going on with the fund.

The truth is yet to emerge so watch this space, but recently the aforementioned ass ratified the departure of YET another foreign investor from our shores ; this time via a unit of little Hitlers called BAF who have something to do with banning feathers from landing on our forests but are instead cutting employment to 90 persons (who in turn have lost income support to a collective of at least 450 persons in the extended family network).

Excellent work Cock's .....

.... time to show those investors their investments will never be safe in Fiji for the changing of the regime's coop-posts whenever it suits the cockeral's in green, eh?

In the meantime Kaiyum sees no reason why he shouldn't continue feathering his own nest and his family's too, whilst he continues to crow orders from behind Bainirama's skirts.

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Does a collective conscience exist with Fiji Junta supporters?

Sent to you by fijian-kiwigal via Google Reader:

Does a collective conscience exist with Fiji Junta supporters?

via discombobulated bubu by discombobulated on 30/07/11


There comes a point when a man must refuse to answer to his leader if he is also to answer to his own conscience.
Hartley Shawcross, barrister, politician, and prosecutor at the Nuremberg War Crimes tribunal (1902-2003)

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