Date: Sat, Oct 9, 2010 at 12:54 PM
Subject: PNJ can you please assist in defining what this means?
Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine their own identity or membership in accordance with their customs and traditions. This does not impair the right of indigenous individuals to obtain citizenship of the States in which they live.
2. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine the structures and to select the membership of their institutions in accordance with their own procedures.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for the development or use of their lands or territories and other resources.
2. States shall consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free and informed consent prior to the approval of any project affecting their lands or territories and other resources, particularly in connection with the development, utilization or exploitation of mineral, water or other resources.
3. States shall provide effective mechanisms for just and fair redress for any such activities, and appropriate measures shall be taken to mitigate adverse environmental, economic, social, cultural or spiritual impact.
Peter N. Jones, Ph.D.
Director: Bauu Institute and Press http://www.bauuinstitute.com/
Editor: Indigenous People's Issues & Resources
Fijians don't meet indigenous criteria
Friday, October 08, 2010
Children brave the rain to put on a cultural dance at Albert Park in Suva yesterday as experts discuss tradition and culture at a workshop on social policy, social welfare systems and human security. Picture: JONACANI LALAKOBAU
FIJIANS may not be considered indigenous under the United Nations definition of indigenous people, a paper on social policy has revealed.
In their presentation on whether development was really a freedom or a cost to cultural heritage, authors Litea Meo-Sewabu and Wheturangi Walsh-Tapiata said Fijians failed to be identified as indigenous because Fijians remained the dominant group.
By United Nations standards, indigenous people developed on their own territories and formed non-dominant sectors of society. Indigenous people were determined to preserve their ancestral territories.
"We need to encompass the learning of the new while not forgetting the knowledge of our ancestors and the cultural practices of our societies," they said.
"The influences of politics, education and media apparent in our villages and communities raise questions about development as freedom.
"Social policies aspire to achieve wellbeing.
"These polices are often imposed on those at grassroots community level and yet it is these very people who often face the brunt of globalisation and pluralism, and not protected culturally or socially."
Social policy, they said, were often based on European philosophies and values with indigenous communities expected to conform to them. "International declarations and conventions are only relevant to villages if they know about them, if they know how to effectively use them and if they see them as having any relevance to their communities," they said.
"Development needs to occur but is it at the cost of people's freedom? Freedom in this context meaning the ability for villagers to enjoy life and fully participate within their social structures," the pair said.
TRADITIONAL practices can evolve but if it is economically viable, then it needs to ensure that people are liberated, said authors Litea Meo-Sewabu and Wheturangi Walsh-Tapiata. Speaking on social policy at a three-day conference, the duo said eventhough income was generated, women felt oppressed. Women earned income but did not feel liberated. Development programs should ensure people live the life they truly value.
TRADITIONAL leadership is under threat because of the imbalance in the village structure, participants from Massey University in New Zealand said. Litea Meo-Sewabu and Wheturangi Walsh-Tapiata said villagers were taken for granted in the face of development projects. In their paper on social policy, the pair expressed concern at the continued rapid loss of cultural heritage in the name of development. "Whose development," the two said.